北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (12): 2488-2496.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0857

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

小型飞机自动着舰系统设计准则适用性分析

赵荣, 王立新, 徐王强   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-08 修回日期:2017-01-20 出版日期:2017-12-20 发布日期:2017-02-27
  • 通讯作者: 王立新 E-mail:wlxc818@163.com
  • 作者简介:赵荣,男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:飞行力学、飞行器设计;王立新,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:飞机设计、飞行力学与飞行控制。

Analysis of design principle adaptability to automatic carrier landing system of light plane

ZHAO Rong, WANG Lixin, XU Wangqiang   

  1. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2016-11-08 Revised:2017-01-20 Online:2017-12-20 Published:2017-02-27

摘要: 在进行自动着舰系统(ACLS)设计时,美军标AR-40A是目前较为常用的参考设计准则,但该准则的要求主要针对F/A-18等Ⅳ类飞机提出,并未说明在应用于Ⅰ类飞机自动着舰系统设计时的适用性。为研究AR-40A在Ⅰ类飞机自动着舰系统设计时的适用性,针对某型飞机及其尺寸缩比率为4的缩比机进行了全自动着舰系统设计。通过飞机-航母-大气环境综合仿真,选取着舰效果较好的全自动着舰系统设计结果,通过对其频域特性曲线分析对比,验证了AR-40A在Ⅰ类飞机自动着舰系统设计中的适用性。通过原型机、缩比机、F/A-18三者的频域特性对比,提出了AR-40A在应用于小型飞机自动着舰系统设计时应进行的低频段、中高频段划分及幅值、相角带宽频率等关键边界要求的修改建议,拓展了该准则的适用范围。

关键词: 小型飞机, 自动着舰系统(ACLS), AR-40A准则, 频域特性, 着舰误差

Abstract: US military standard AR-40A is a frequently used design principle when the automatic carrier landing system (ACLS) is designed. But the principle is mainly aiming at Class Ⅳ, such as F/A-18 and there is no instruction about whether the principle could be adapted in the Class Ⅰ aircraft. In order to explore its adaptability of AR-40A to ACLS of Class Ⅰ aircraft, the ACLS designs on both a certain airplane and its shrunk one with a shrinkage ratio of4 were carried out. A comprehensive simulation about shipboard aircraft, aircraft carrier and the atmospheric environment was done first, then the most satisfying ACLS design result was selected, and finally the frequency-domain characteristics of the results were analyzed and compared. The adaptability of AR-40A to ACLS of Class Ⅰ aircraft has been verified. Based on the comparison of frequency-domain characteristics among prototype aircraft, shrinkage aircraft and F/A-18, the paper proposes some adjustment advice of key border requirements, such as the amplitude bandwidth frequency and phase bandwidth frequency. Meanwhile, the low frequency band and the high frequency band should be categorized when using the ACLS design for the light plane. The effort may help to expand its application sphere.

Key words: light plane, automatic carrier landing system (ACLS), AR-40A standard, frequency-domain characteristics, carrier landing errors

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