北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (5): 1066-1073.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0332

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

硒掺杂锗碲相变存储材料的第一性原理研究

方治乾1, 缪奶华1,2, 周健1,2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 材料科学与工程学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 国际交叉科学研究院 集成计算材料工程中心, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-18 出版日期:2018-05-20 发布日期:2018-05-29
  • 通讯作者: 周健 E-mail:jzhou@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:方治乾,男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:相变存储材料;缪奶华,男,博士,副教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:计算材料学、相变存储材料、热电材料;周健,男,博士,副教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:计算材料学、相变存储材料、热电材料。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(61274005)

First-principles study of Se doped GeTe phase-change material

FANG Zhiqian1, MIAO Naihua1,2, ZHOU Jian1,2   

  1. 1. School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Center for Integrated Computational Materials Engineering, International Research Institute for Multidisciplinary Science, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-05-18 Online:2018-05-20 Published:2018-05-29

摘要: 硒(Se)掺杂可以大幅提高锗碲(GeTe)相变存储材料的再结晶温度,使其具有更高的服役温度和更好的数据保持力,然而Se掺杂对GeTe微观结构和电学性质的影响机制尚不清楚。采用第一性原理计算方法,对Se掺杂GeTe相变存储材料的几何构型、成键性质和电子性质进行了理论研究。结果表明,对于GeTe完美晶体,掺杂的Se原子优先取代Te原子。而对含本征Ge空位的GeTe体系,Se倾向于取代与Ge空位最近邻的Te原子。Se原子与Ge空位具有吸引作用,抑制了Ge空位的移动,从而提高其再结晶温度。Se掺杂导致含Ge空位的菱方相体积收缩,带隙减小,而使含Ge空位的面心立方相体积膨胀,带隙增大。Se掺杂减小了GeTe两晶相的体积差异。计算结果为解释实验中Se掺杂导致的奇特相变性质提供了重要线索。

关键词: Se掺杂GeTe, Ge空位, 相变存储材料, 第一性原理计算, 元素掺杂

Abstract: Doping Se can significantly improve the recrystallization temperature of GeTe phase-change material according to recent experiments, endowing GeTe with a higher working temperature and better data retention. However, the impact of Se on the structure and electrical properties of GeTe is not clear. In this paper, we investigated the effect of Se on the microstructure, bonding characters and electrical properties of crystalline GeTe using first-principles calculation. The results show that the doping Se atom prefers to replace Te in ideal GeTe, while for GeTe systems with intrinsic Ge vacancies, Se tends to replace the Te atoms which are the nearest neighbors of Ge vacancy. The attraction between Se atom and Ge vacancies hinders the movement of Ge vacancies, and thus increases the recrystallization temperature. Furthermore, a shrink of lattice volume and a small reduction of band gap are found in rhombohedral GeTe with Ge vacancies through doping Se, while in face-centered cubic GeTe with Ge vacancies, Se doping causes an expansion in lattice volume and an increase in band gap. Doping Se reduces the volume discrepancy between the two crystalline phases. The calculation results provide clues for explaining the unique phase transformation phenomena of Se doped phase-change materials.

Key words: Se doped GeTe, Ge vacancy, phase-change materials, first-principles calculation, elemental doping

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