北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (11): 2283-2291.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0038

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

一种复合方法抑制叶尖泄漏的试验及模拟研究

胡建军1,2, 张铎2, 张香兰2, 孔祥东1   

  1. 1. 燕山大学 机械工程学院, 秦皇岛 066004;
    2. 燕山大学 建筑工程与力学学院, 秦皇岛 066004
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-12 修回日期:2018-03-16 出版日期:2018-11-20 发布日期:2018-11-27
  • 通讯作者: 胡建军,E-mail:kewei729@163.com E-mail:kewei729@163.com
  • 作者简介:胡建军,男,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:叶轮机械气动热力学;张铎,男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:叶轮机械气动热力学;张香兰,女,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:叶轮机械气动热力学;孔祥东,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:流体传动及控制。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51705446,51641508);国家“973”计划(2014CB046405);河北省自然科学基金(E2015203271)

Experiment and simulation study on tip leakage suppression by a compound method

HU Jianjun1,2, ZHANG Duo2, ZHANG Xianglan2, KONG Xiangdong1   

  1. 1. School of Mechanical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China;
    2. School of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
  • Received:2018-01-12 Revised:2018-03-16 Online:2018-11-20 Published:2018-11-27
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (51705446,51641508); National Basic Research Program of China (2014CB046405); Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province, China (E2015203271)

摘要: 为了强化涡轮叶顶间隙泄漏抑制,提出了将被动式气动封严与叶尖几何改型方法相结合用于抑制叶尖泄漏及其损失的流动调控新方案。对叶顶凹槽与自发射流耦合的3种典型方案进行了模型试验和数值模拟,探讨了2种被动式抑制方法的耦合机理。研究表明,叶顶凹槽与自发射流(STI)之间存在明显耦合作用,当自发射流出口位于凹槽底部时,自发射流与凹槽涡(GV)预先掺混,导致2种抑制效应相互抵消,无法对泄漏流形成有效抑制,为不良耦合。而当自发射流出口位于凹槽压力边或吸力边时,自发射流的反吹阻滞效应与凹槽涡的动能耗散效应相叠加,对泄漏流形成2次有效封堵,为有效的耦合方案,而且以自发射流出口位于凹槽吸力边时,对泄漏流的抑制效果最佳。

关键词: 叶尖泄漏, 自发射流(STI), 凹槽涡(GV), 流动耦合, 数值模拟

Abstract: To reduce the tip leakage and flow loss of gas turbine, the new method of pneumatic seal combined with tip structure modification was put forward based on flow reorganization. Three typical combination schemes of tip groove and spontaneous tip injection were investigated by model test and numerical simulation. The coupling mechanism of the two passive suppression methods was discussed. The results show that the coupling effects between tip groove and spontaneous tip injection (STI) are obvious. When the outlet of STI locates at the base of the groove, strong mixing occurs between the STI and the groove vortex (GV), which deteriorates the suppression effect for both of them, and cannot suppress the leakage flow effectively, so it is not a good coupling scheme. When the outlet of STI locates on the top of rib, neither on pressure side or suction side, the effect of counter blowing by STI and kinetic energy dissipation by GV can add up to generate twice effective seal, meaning that they are effective coupling schemes. In particular, when the outlet of STI locates on the top of suction-side-rib, the suppression effect on leakage flow is the best.

Key words: tip leakage, spontaneous tip injection (STI), groove vortex (GV), flow coupling, numerical simulation

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