北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (11): 2336-2342.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0071

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

一种基于指数积公式的空间机械臂自标定方法

王业聪1, 危清清2, 胡成威2, 丁希仑1   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 机械工程及自动化学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京空间飞行器总体设计部 空间智能机器人系统技术与应用北京重点实验室, 北京 100094
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-30 修回日期:2018-04-27 出版日期:2018-11-20 发布日期:2018-11-27
  • 通讯作者: 丁希仑,E-mail:xlding@buaa.edu.cn E-mail:xlding@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王业聪,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:拟人双臂机器人技术;丁希仑,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:空间机器人、仿生机器人、变胞机构。
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2017YFB1300400);国家自然科学基金(91748201)

A self-calibration method for space manipulators based on POE formula

WANG Yecong1, WEI Qingqing2, HU Chengwei2, DING Xilun1   

  1. 1. School of Mechanical Engineering & Automation, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Beijing Key Laboratory of Intelligent Space Robotic Systems Technology and Applications, Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, Beijing 100094, China
  • Received:2018-01-30 Revised:2018-04-27 Online:2018-11-20 Published:2018-11-27
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China (2017 YFB1300400); National Natural Science Foundation of China (91748201)

摘要: 为了克服发射过程和在轨极端温度环境对空间机械臂末端位姿精度的影响,提出了一种基于指数积(POE)公式的空间机械臂运动学在轨自标定方法。该方法使用空间机械臂末端双目空间相机和棋盘式标定板测量空间机械臂末端位姿实际值。根据关节旋量理论值和实际值之间的伴随变换关系建立了空间机械臂实际运动学模型,对运动学模型取微分建立了线性化的运动学误差模型,给出了基于最小二乘法的运动学标定模型。进行了7自由度空间机械臂运动学自标定仿真,仿真结果表明运动学标定过程能快速收敛到稳定值,标定后空间机械臂末端位姿精度有明显提高。

关键词: 空间机械臂, 标定, 指数积(POE), 伴随变换, 空间相机, 标定板

Abstract: To overcome the influence of launching process and on-orbit extreme temperature environment on the tool pose accuracy of a space manipulator, a space manipulator kinematics on-orbit self-calibration method based on product of exponentials (POE) formula was presented. Using the binocular space camera fixed on the end-effector and a checkerboard calibration plate, the actual tool pose of the space manipulator was measured. According to the adjoint transformation between the theoretical value and actual value of joint twists, the actual kinematics model of the space manipulator was established. The linearized kinematics error model of the space manipulator was obtained by differentiating the kinematics model. A least-squares kinematics calibration model for the space manipulator was given. Kinematics self-calibration simulation of a seven-degree-of-freedom space manipulator was carried out. The simulation results show that the kinematics calibration process can converge to a stable value quickly and there is a significant improvement on the tool pose accuracy of the space manipulator after kinematics calibration.

Key words: space manipulator, calibration, product of exponentials (POE), adjoint transformation, space camera, calibration plate

中图分类号: 


版权所有 © 《北京航空航天大学学报》编辑部
通讯地址:北京市海淀区学院路37号 北京航空航天大学学报编辑部 邮编:100191 E-mail:jbuaa@buaa.edu.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发