北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (1): 50-56.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0251

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

能量有效的无线传感器网络分簇路由协议

刘伟1,2, 杜佳鸿2,3, 贾素玲1, 蒲菊华2,3   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 经济管理学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 深圳北航新兴产业技术研究院, 深圳 518057;
    3. 北京航空航天大学 计算机学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-02 修回日期:2018-07-28 出版日期:2019-01-20 发布日期:2019-01-28
  • 通讯作者: 蒲菊华 E-mail:pujh@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘伟,男,博士研究生,助理研究员。主要研究方向:数据分析、信息系统和无线传感器网络;杜佳鸿,男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:城市大数据;贾素玲,女,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:管理信息系统;蒲菊华,女,博士,副教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:智慧城市、城市计算和无线传感器网络。
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2017YFB1002000);航空科学基金;国家自然科学基金(61502320);深圳市基础研究计划(JCYJ20160419152942010)

Energy efficient clustering routing protocol for wireless sensor networks

LIU Wei1,2, DU Jiahong2,3, JIA Suling1, PU Juhua2,3   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Research Institute of Beihang University in Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518057, China;
    3. School of Computer Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-05-02 Revised:2018-07-28 Online:2019-01-20 Published:2019-01-28
  • Supported by:
    National Key R & D Program of China (2017YFB1002000); Aeronautical Science Foundation of China; National Natural Science Foundation of China (61502320); Science Foundation of Shenzhen City in China (JCYJ20160419152942010)

摘要: 无线传感器网络(WSNs)的应用前景非常广阔,得到了越来越广泛的关注,其中网络节能、降低功耗、延长寿命是WSNs必须解决的问题。对WSNs中典型的分簇路由协议进行了详细分析,通过对比研究,提出了一种基于节点间相关性的能量有效分簇路由协议——BCCP协议。在BCCP协议中,能耗均衡分簇算法利用节点间位置相关性与节点剩余能量,降低分簇迭代次数,得到分布均匀的簇首节点,降低簇内成员节点与簇首节点的通信能耗,以此降低网络能耗;降低能耗分簇算法利用节点间数据相似性与节点间协同性,降低簇内通信、簇间通信的数据量,以此降低网络能耗。实验结果表明,BCCP协议在能耗均衡、网络存活节点数、降低能耗方面与其他方法相比均有明显的优势。

关键词: 无线传感器网络(WSNs), 能耗, 均衡, 分簇, 路由

Abstract: Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have attracted extensive attention due to their wide range of potential applications. Network energy conservation, energy consumption reduction and lifetime extension are problems which must be solved. In this paper, some concrete analyses on the typical clustering protocols have been made, and based on the comparative study, an energy efficient clustering routing protocol——BCCP based on node correlation for wireless sensor networks is proposed. With the use of node location correlation and residual energy, energy consumption balancing algorithm reduces clustering iteration times. Then uniform distribution of cluster head nodes is obtained and communication energy consumption between cluster head nodes and member nodes is reduced. Therefore, the algorithm reduces energy consumption of network. With the use of data similarity and cooperative correlation among nodes, energy consumption reduction algorithm reduces data traffic of internal-cluster and external-cluster communication. Therefore, the algorithm reduces energy consumption of network. The experimental results show that BCCP has a distinct advantage in balancing, number of live nodes and reducing energy consumption comparing to other current methods.

Key words: wireless sensor networks (WSNs), energy consumption, balance, clustering, routing

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