北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (2): 398-404.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0294

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于半无码的P(Y)码自相关GNSS-R海面测高方法

樊梦文, 张波, 王峰   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 电子信息工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-21 出版日期:2019-02-20 发布日期:2019-03-04
  • 通讯作者: 张波 E-mail:bozhang@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:樊梦文女,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:卫星导航及其在海洋遥感中的应用;张波男,博士,讲师。主要研究方向:扩频通信、卫星导航及其应用等;王峰男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:导航卫星信号处理及其在海洋遥感中的应用。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41774028)

Semi-codeless based P(Y) code autocorrelation GNSS-R sea surface altimetry method

FAN Mengwen, ZHANG Bo, WANG Feng   

  1. School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-05-21 Online:2019-02-20 Published:2019-03-04
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41774028)

摘要: 针对传统GPS C/A码延迟测高方法测高精度低和互相关测高方法时延波形信噪比低的问题,研究了基于半无码的P(Y)码自相关海面测高方法。首先,通过理论测高精度模型,对比分析了C/A码和P(Y)码的测高精度;然后,描述了L1、L2双频反射信号基于半无码的P(Y)码自相关处理架构,并论述了测高模型和L1、L2双频电离层时延误差修正方法;最后,利用模拟的L1、L2反射信号对比分析了基于半无码的P(Y)码自相关、C/A码自相关以及信号互相关方法的海面测高精度。结果表明:相比于C/A码自相关和信号互相关测高精度,基于半无码的P(Y)码自相关的测高精度分别提高了3.97倍和1.47倍。

关键词: 半无码, P(Y)码, 海面测高, 双频, 电离层时延校正

Abstract: In this paper, the semi-codeless based P(Y) code autocorrelation sea surface altimetry method was studied due to the fact that the conventional GPS C/A code delay altimetry method is less precise, and that the signal-to-noise ratio of delay waveform in interference altimetry method is low. First, the height measurement accuracy of the C/A code and P(Y) code was compared and analyzed through theoretical model for describing the height measurement accuracy. Then, the architecture of semi-codeless based P(Y) code autocorrelation processing for L1 and L2 dual-frequency reflected signals was described. Meanwhile, the altimetry model and dual-frequency ionospheric time-delay error correction methods are discussed. Finally, using simulated L1 and L2 reflection signals, the measurement accuracy is compared and analyzed regarding the proposed method, C/A code autocorrelation method and signal cross-correlation method. The results show that the accuracy of the proposed method is 3.97 times and 1.47 times higher than that of the C/A code autocorrelation method and signal cross-correlation method, respectively.

Key words: semi-codeless, P(Y) code, sea surface altimetry, dual-frequency, ionospheric delay correction

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