北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (4): 641-649.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0441

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于自适应迭代的机器人曲面恒力跟踪

李琳, 肖佳栋, 张铁, 肖蒙   

  1. 华南理工大学 机械与汽车工程学院, 广州 510640
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-23 出版日期:2019-04-20 发布日期:2019-04-26
  • 通讯作者: 张铁 E-mail:merobot@scut.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:李琳,女,博士,教授。主要研究方向:机器人技术及应用;肖佳栋,男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:机器人打磨过程智能力控制;张铁,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:机器人及自动化装备设计。
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技重大专项(2015ZX04005006);广东省重大科技专项(2014B090921004,2014B090920002);中山市重大科技专项(2016F2FC0006)

Constant-force curved-surface-tracking with robotic manipulator based on adaptive iterative algorithm

LI Lin, XIAO Jiadong, ZHANG Tie, XIAO Meng   

  1. School of Mechanical & Automotive Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
  • Received:2018-07-23 Online:2019-04-20 Published:2019-04-26
  • Supported by:
    National Science and Technology Major Project of China (2015ZX04005006); Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province,China (2014B090921004,2014B090920002); Zhongshan Science and Technology Planning Project, China (2016F2FC0006)

摘要: 针对利用机器人进行打磨、抛光、去毛刺等场合时末端执行器对曲面工件轮廓跟踪时难以得到恒定接触力的问题,对机器人末端执行器和工件轮廓接触时的接触力进行研究,建立了实际跟踪过程中机器人末端执行器的接触力和已知传感器坐标系的映射关系,提出了一种基于自适应迭代学习算法的机器人力/位混合曲面恒力跟踪控制方法。该方法由两部分组成:基于机器人和环境接触时的阻抗模型设计了迭代学习控制律,在PD反馈控制的基础上通过迭代项克服机器人的未知参数和不确定性,并构建Lyapunov能量函数证明所提控制律的收敛性;将迭代学习控制律和力/位混合曲面恒力跟踪控制方法结合起来设计了用于曲面工件轮廓跟踪的控制方法。实验结果显示,经过15次迭代,接触力的波动范围逐渐变小并稳定在±3 N之内,验证了所提方法的有效性。

关键词: 机器人, 曲面跟踪, 恒力控制, 力/位混合控制, 自适应迭代学习

Abstract: This paper dealt with the fluctuation and instability of contact force that isgenerated between robot end-effector and environment during the process of robotic grinding, polishing and deburring. In order to obtain constant tracking force, the contact force is generated by robot end-effector onto the workpiece surface is analyzed and the mapping relationship between the contact force of robot end-effector in real contact conditions and the known sensor coordinate system was built. Meanwhile, a hybrid force/position control scheme based on adaptive iterative learning algorithm was proposed to compensate the robot end-effector trajectory offset. The control method is composed with two steps. An iterative learning control law was designed based on the impe-dance model of robot-environment in dynamic interaction task. This control law coped with the unknown parameters and disturbances by adding the iterative term to the PD feedback structure. Meanwhile, a Lyapunov energy function was designed to prove the convergence of the control law. The adaptive iterative learning control law was then combined with the force/position hybrid control method to design the constant-force curved-surface-tracking control scheme with robotic manipulator. The experimental results show that after 15 times iteration, the fluctuating range of contact force becomes small gradually and is within ±3 N, which illustrates the effectiveness of the designed control scheme.

Key words: robot, curved-surface-tracking, constant-force control, hybrid force/position control, adaptive iterative learning

中图分类号: 


版权所有 © 《北京航空航天大学学报》编辑部
通讯地址:北京市海淀区学院路37号 北京航空航天大学学报编辑部 邮编:100191 E-mail:jbuaa@buaa.edu.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发