北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (8): 1489-1494.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2019.0015

• 多相流测量 • 上一篇    下一篇

电容成像双共轭梯度图像重建改进算法

马敏, 范广永, 孙颖   

  1. 中国民航大学 电子信息与自动化学院, 天津 300300
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-16 出版日期:2019-08-20 发布日期:2019-09-06
  • 通讯作者: 马敏 E-mail:mm5739@163.com
  • 作者简介:马敏 女,博士,教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:无损检测及新型传感器;范广永 男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:无损检测及新型传感器;孙颖 女,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:无损检测及新型传感器。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(U1733119)

Improved capacitance imaging biconjugate gradient image reconstruction algorithm

MA Min, FAN Guangyong, SUN Ying   

  1. College of Electronic Information and Automation, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China
  • Received:2019-01-16 Online:2019-08-20 Published:2019-09-06
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (U1733119)

摘要: 针对电容层析成像技术(ECT)逆问题中软场效应的影响,以及重建图像时使用的传统迭代类算法迭代次数多、成像速度慢等问题,将双共轭梯度(BICG)应用到电容层析成像技术中,为了得到更好的重建效果,提出了双共轭梯度与正则化思想相结合来求解逆问题的最佳解。通过COMSOL5.3软件进行建模,使用MATLAB 2014a进行图像重建与图像评估,分别使用Tikhonov、Landweber、共轭梯度(CG)、BICG、所提改进算法进行图像重建。实验表明:所提改进算法的成像效果不仅优于其他迭代类算法,而且大大缩短了图像重建需要的时间;尤其对一些复杂流型成像效果更佳,图像错误率低至约0.2,相关系数高达约0.88,成像时间缩短至2.77 s,迭代次数减少至20次。

关键词: 电容层析成像技术(ECT), 双共轭梯度(BICG)算法, 算法改进, 图像重建, COMSOL

Abstract: Aimed at the influence of the soft field effect on the inverse electrical capacitance tomography (ECT) problem and to solve the problems that the traditional iterative algorithm used to reconstruct images has numerous iteration times, and that the imaging speed is slow, for the first time, biconjugate gradient (BICG) is applied to the capacitance tomography technology. In order to obtain a better reconstruction effect, a BICG and regularization idea are combined to solve the optimal solution of the inverse problem. The experiment was modeled by COMSOL5.3 software and MATLAB 2014a was used for image reconstruction and image evaluation. The images were reconstructed using Tikhonov, Landweber, conjugate gradient (CG), BICG and improved biconjugate gradient algorithm. Experiments show that the effect of the improved biconjugate gradient algorithm is not only better than other iterative algorithms, but also greatly reduces the time required for image reconstruction. The experimental results show that the biconjugate gradient algorithm has better imaging effect in some complicated flow patterns. The error is as low as 0.2, the correlation coefficient is as high as 0.88, the imaging time is reduced to 2.77 s, and the number of iterations is reduced to 20 times.

Key words: electrical capacitance tomography (ECT), biconjugate gradient (BICG) algorithm, algorithm improvement, image reconstruction, COMSOL

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