北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (11): 2320-2326.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2019.0124

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

高峰时段下离港航空器绿色滑行策略设计与评价

郑丽君, 胡荣, 张军峰, 朱佳琳   

  1. 南京航空航天大学 民航学院, 南京 211106
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-25 出版日期:2019-11-20 发布日期:2019-11-30
  • 通讯作者: 胡荣.E-mail:hoorong@nuaa.edu.cn E-mail:hoorong@nuaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:郑丽君 女,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:绿色民航;胡荣 男,博士,副教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:民航可持续发展;张军峰 男,博士,副教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:空中交通管理;朱佳琳 女,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:绿色民航。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(71401072);南京航空航天大学研究生创新基地(实验室)开放基金(kfjj20180706,kfjj20180707)

Design and evaluation of green taxiing strategy for departure aircraft during peak hours

ZHENG Lijun, HU Rong, ZHANG Junfeng, ZHU Jialin   

  1. College of Civil Aviation, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211106, China
  • Received:2019-03-25 Online:2019-11-20 Published:2019-11-30
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (71401072); Postgraduate Innovation Base (Laboratory) Open Fund of NUAA (kfjj20180706,kfjj20180707)

摘要: 为有效减少大型枢纽机场高峰时段离港航空器拥堵延误及污染物排放,开展了不同滑行策略的设计与评价研究。首先,构建了包括环境成本在内的离港航空器滑行成本计算模型;然后,提出了正点推出、机位等待以及速度优化3种不同离港航空器绿色滑行策略;最后,以总滑行成本最小为目标,采用遗传算法开展算例仿真,求解不同策略下的最优滑行路径并对比分析了不同滑行策略对缓解拥堵及减少排放的有效性。结果表明:相较于正点推出策略,机位等待与速度优化策略可减少总滑行时间5.90%和22.49%,具有良好的拥堵缓解效果;此外,机位等待策略还具有最低的油耗及排放成本,而速度优化策略具有最低的污染物排放总量,均具有一定的减排效果。

关键词: 航空运输, 绿色滑行策略, 机位等待, 速度优化, 污染物排放

Abstract: In order to effectively reduce the congestion delay and pollutant emissions of departure aircraft during peak hours in large hub airports, the design and evaluation of different taxiing strategies are carried out. Firstly, the calculation model of departure aircraft taxiing cost including environmental cost is established. Then, three different departure aircraft green taxiing strategies are proposed:punctual pushback, stand holding and speed optimization. Finally, targeting the minimum total taxiing cost, the genetic algorithm is used to carry out example simulation, to solve the optimal taxiing route under different strategies, and to compare and analyze the effectiveness of different taxiing strategies on congestion mitigation and emission reduction. The results show that, compared with the punctual pushback strategy, the stand holding and speed optimization strategy can reduce the total taxiing time by 5.90% and 22.49%, and has good congestion mitigation effect. In addition, the stand holding strategy has the lowest fuel consumption and emission cost, and the speed optimization strategy has the lowest pollutant emissions, so both of them have certain emission reduction effect.

Key words: air transportation, green taxiing strategy, stand holding, speed optimization, pollutant emissions

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