• 论文 •

### 大型客车柴油燃料生命周期分析

1. 北京航空航天大学 交通科学与工程学院, 北京 100191
• 收稿日期:2008-12-05 发布日期:2010-09-16
• 作者简介:高有山(1974-),男,山西朔州人,博士生,gaoyoushan@sohu.com.
• 基金资助:

国家科技支撑计划项目(2007BAA09B05)

### Well-to-wheels analysis of large-scale bus diesel fuels

Gao Youshan, Li Xinghu

1. School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
• Received:2008-12-05 Published:2010-09-16

Abstract: Well-to-wheel assessment was used to evaluate the energy utilization and greenhouse gas emissions from crude oil extraction, transport, refining, namely well-to-tank (WTT), to vehicle operation, tank-to-wheel (TTW) for large-scale bus conformed to first and second phase of the fuel consumption limits.Statistical data was analyzed in WTT, test data was analyzed in TTW. Results shows that the energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in WTW were respectively 1.151 and 1.153 times that in TTW. Energy consumption proportion of crude oil extraction, transport, refining was respectively 6.7%, 0.42% and 6.1%. Greenhouse gas emissions proportion of crude oil production, transport and refining was respectively 1.92%, 1.42% and 9.97%. The first phase of the fuel consumption limits can reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by 12% and 11.81% respectively; while the second phase can reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by 16.91% and 17.67% respectively.