北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (8): 1001-1004.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

飞机界面设计颜色匹配性

张 磊, 庄达民   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2008-07-11 出版日期:2009-08-31 发布日期:2010-09-16
  • 作者简介:张 磊(1983-),男,河北邯郸人,博士生,zhangleibuaa@126.com.

Color matching of aircraft interface design

Zhang Lei, Zhuang Damin   

  1. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2008-07-11 Online:2009-08-31 Published:2010-09-16

摘要: 针对飞机显示界面设计中存在的问题,开发了一个用于工效学实验的飞行信息显示界面仿真模型.以该模型为背景开展实验,综合使用主观和客观测量方法对不同颜色匹配特性进行了研究.以反应时间作为绩效评价指标,并利用模糊数学的方法对主观数据进行处理.实验得到以下主要结果:确定了不同背景色和目标色匹配的辨识快慢顺序和喜好程度;不同颜色匹配的作业绩效和喜好程度不全相一致;白色/红色、棕色/黄色、暗灰/蓝色、黑色/淡绿、白色/蓝色较适宜作为背景/目标色组合,白色/黄色、黑色/蓝色则不适宜.

Abstract: Aiming at the problems of aircraft display interface design, a simulation model of flight information display interface was developed for ergonomic experiment. Lots of experiments were taken based on this model. The integrated use of subjective and objective measurement method for different match color characteristic was studied. Reaction time was used as performance evaluation indictors and fuzzy math was used for subjective data processing. The following are the findings of the experiments: The order of space identification and the degree of preference under different color match were identified; the task performance under different color match and the degree of preference is incomplete. These colors, such as white/red, brown/yellow, dark gray/blue, black/light green, white/blue, would be appropriate for background/target color combination, and white/yellow, black/blue are not.

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