Two-plane formation is a main organization of the battle mode in the rivalry of air defense, which can fight the enemy’s strategic target more effectively. By using Markov random processes, a method of probability, which usually can be used in the evaluation of system’s effectiveness, the prediction of battle field and the mathematics model under the condition of two-plane formation which attacked the enemy strategic target in a threat environment were built. The operational effectiveness measures of the two-plane formation, including the probability of mission success, the probability that the target was killed and the probability that the aircraft was killed for an air-to-ground target attacking operation were deduced. Finally, by introducing viability enhanced quotient in an instance, the superiority of two-plane formation in attacking the enemy strategic surface target in a dangerous environment was validated by means of the comparison between two-plane interindependence and two-plane formation in their relative effectiveness measures.
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