北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (2): 42-47.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2013.0259

• 法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

美国“无辜物主抗辩”近观

初殿清, 练虹怡   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2013-06-03 出版日期:2014-03-25 发布日期:2014-03-24
  • 作者简介:初殿清(1980-),女,辽宁大连人,讲师,博士,研究方向为诉讼法学、证据法学.

Introduction on the “Innocent Owner Defense” in the US

Chu Dianqing, Lian Hongyi   

  1. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2013-06-03 Online:2014-03-25 Published:2014-03-24

摘要:

美国的“无辜物主抗辩”经历了从无到有,从弱到强的发展历程。在漫长的形成与发展过程中,美国法律逐渐探索出根植于美国法治土壤的独特的第三人财产保护制度。现行的“无辜物主抗辩”也为美国民事没收制度带来了新的发展力量。从历史发展的角度了解美国“无辜物主抗辩”的由来,并深入分析《美国法典》现行的“无辜物主抗辩”的相关概念及其适用,既是对美国民事没收程序的深入了解,更是中国今后在第三人财产保护制度上可以借鉴与参考的理论基础。

关键词: 《美国法典》, 无辜物主抗辩, 民事没收制度, “未经定罪没收”程序, 第三人财产保护制度

Abstract:

"Innocent Owner Defense" has developed gradually from weak to strong in American law. It is now used for the protection of property of an innocent third party, which has brought new strength to American legal system. With a thorough analysis on its concept and applications, the study on this defense from the historical perspective not only means an in-depth knowledge of American civil forfeiture law, but also helps lay a solid foundation for the similar protection of property of an innocent third party in China.

Key words: American Law, Innocent Owner Defense, American civil forfeiture law, “confiscation without a criminal conviction”, protection of property of an innocent third party

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