北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 88-93.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2013.0268

• 语言与文学 • 上一篇    下一篇

西方小说中的瘟疫题材

范蕊1, 仵从巨2   

  1. 1. 山东大学(威海)商学院, 山东 威海 264209;
    2. 山东大学(威海)文化传播学院, 山东 威海 264209
  • 收稿日期:2013-06-13 出版日期:2014-07-25 发布日期:2014-07-23
  • 作者简介:范蕊(1980-),女,山东单县人,讲师,博士研究生,研究方向为比较文学与世界文学。

Plague Theme in Western Novels

Fan Rui1, Wu Congju2   

  1. 1. Business School, Shandong University at Weihai, Weihai 264209, China;
    2. Culture Communication School, Shandong University at Weihai, Weihai 264209, China
  • Received:2013-06-13 Online:2014-07-25 Published:2014-07-23

摘要: 瘟疫与人类关系密切,不仅影响社会进程还影响人们的文化和精神状态。瘟疫是文学中的重要题材,不少世界名著都以瘟疫为背景,或者直接表现瘟疫。中世纪的瘟疫促进了文艺复兴和宗教改革的出现,意大利作家薄伽丘的《十日谈》就是以瘟疫为背景的名著,突出了文艺复兴时期的价值倾向和宗教改革的必然。18世纪启蒙主义文学以客观理性的态度表现世界,英国作家狄福的《大疫年纪事》则突出表达了这一倾向。法国作家吉奥诺的《屋顶上的骑兵》和哥伦比亚作家马尔克斯的《霍乱时期的爱情》则将瘟疫与爱情同置,爱情故事在瘟疫的映衬下显得光彩夺目。法国存在主义作家加缪的《鼠疫》中,瘟疫具有更广泛的象征意义,面对瘟疫的不同选择突出表达了存在主义的哲学观。

关键词: 西方小说, 瘟疫题材, 《十日谈》, 《大疫年纪事》, 《屋顶上的骑兵》, 《霍乱时期的爱情》, 《鼠疫》

Abstract: Plague has an intimate relationship with humans: it not only affects the social process but also has a profound impact on people's cultural and spiritual state. The plague is an important theme of literature and many world masterpieces take plague as their background. The plague in the Middle Ages accelerated the Renaissance and the Reformation. Giovanni Boccaccio's Decameron is famous for taking plague as the background. It highlights the value of the Renaissance and the inevitability of Reformation. The 18th-century Enlightenment literature described the world with objective and rational manners. British writer Daniel Defoe's novel A Journal of the Plague Year stressed this tendency. French writer Giono's novel The Horseman on the Roof and the Colombian writer Marquez's Love in the Time of Cholera put plague and love together, the love story dazzling with the plague. In the novel The Plague written by Albert Camus, the plague has a broader symbolism and different choices when people face plague is the expression of existential philosophy.

Key words: western novels, plague theme, Decameron, A Journal of the Plague Year, The Horseman on the Roof, Love in the Time of Cholera, The Plague

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