北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 104-108.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2013.0339

• 高教研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

美国本科工程教育系级课程改革——以佛蒙特大学为例

苑健, 雷庆   

  1. 北京航空航天大学高等教育研究所, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2013-08-01 出版日期:2014-07-25 发布日期:2014-07-23
  • 作者简介:苑健(1982-),男,山东五莲人,博士研究生,研究方向为工程教育、高等教育。

Department Level Curricula Reform of Undergraduate Engineering Education of USA:a Case Study of University of Vermont

Yuan Jian, Lei Qing   

  1. Institute of Higher Education, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2013-08-01 Online:2014-07-25 Published:2014-07-23

摘要: 为了培养适合21世纪需要的工程师,美国国家科学基金会实施工程教育系级课程改革项目,支持部分大学的工程教育课程改革。佛蒙特大学作为获得资助的六所大学之一,在土木与环境工程系实施了多年课程改革,其主要目的是培养学生形成系统性思维,全面考虑生态、社会与经济之间的利益统一,同时,开发服务学习课程项目,强调社区服务和学生学习两者并重。课程改革加深了学生对工程师角色与责任的理解,在工程教育课程教学中实现了系统化思维和服务学习的理念,这对中国工程教育课程改革具有借鉴意义。

关键词: 工程教育, 服务学习, 系统化思维, 美国, 课程改革

Abstract: In order to realize the vision of the engineer of the twenty-first century, US National Science Foundation assisted in the development and implementation of curricular reform in some universities. As one of the six universities funded University of Vermont (UVM) has implemented curricula reform for several years in the civil and environmental engineering department. The main purpose of this reform is to incorporate a system approach to the civil and environmental engineering programs, take full account of the integration of the ecological, social and economic interests, and develop service-learning programs which place an equal emphasis on service to the community and learning for the students. Curriculum reform improved students' understanding of the roles and responsibilities of the engineer. Incorporating system thinking and service-learning into engineering education curricula plays a significant role in engineering education reform of China.

Key words: engineering education, service learning, systematic thinking, United States, curriculum reform

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