北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 94-98.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2013.0532

• 语言与文学 • 上一篇    下一篇

《圣经》原型对《呼啸山庄》的影响

王喆   

  1. 四川文理学院外语系, 四川 达州 635000
  • 收稿日期:2013-11-25 出版日期:2014-07-25 发布日期:2014-07-23
  • 作者简介:王喆(1969-),男,甘肃庆阳人,副教授,硕士,研究方向为英美文学。

Bible’s Effect on Wuthering Heights

Wang Zhe   

  1. Department of Foreign Languages, Sichuan University of Arts and Science, Dazhou 635000, China
  • Received:2013-11-25 Online:2014-07-25 Published:2014-07-23

摘要: 《圣经》中的基督教思想对西方文学的影响早已根深蒂固。艾米莉·勃朗特对来自神话文学原型的创造性利用,使得读者对她的小说《呼啸山庄》在心理上得到了一个最佳的审美距离。她笔下的希斯克利夫和凯瑟琳正在经历着当年亚当和夏娃那般守乐园的欢乐和失乐园的阵痛,正在步人类始祖复乐园的艰辛道路的后尘。《呼啸山庄》以其深情的笔墨向读者展示了一幅人类远古历史的现实画卷。在科学和宗教竞争日益激烈的今天,人们正在或已经失去了自己的伊甸园。

关键词: 《圣经》, 《呼啸山庄》, 艾米莉·勃朗特, 伊甸园, 原型模式

Abstract: Christian thought in The Bible has been deeply-seated in shaping western cultural tradition and Emily Bronte has made readers' psychology aesthetically close to her novel Wuthering Height by using biblical myth and literature archetypes in creative ways. The hero Heathcliff and the heroin Catherine, like Adam and Eve, have been going through the joys in Paradise Holden, the sorrows in Paradise Lost and the arduous paths in Paradise Regained. The novel drew a realistic picture of ancient human history through passionate descriptions. Today science and religion are becoming increasingly competitive and our imaginative Garden of Eden is slipping from our grasp.

Key words: Bible, Wuthering Heights, Emily Bronte, the Garden of Eden, archetypal pattern

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