北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 15-19.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2013.0537

• 社会保障专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

发达国家运动员职业转型的保障政策研究

李璟圆   

  1. 北京航空航天大学人文社会科学学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2013-11-25 出版日期:2014-07-25 发布日期:2014-07-23
  • 作者简介:李璟圆(1984-),女,陕西汉中人,博士研究生,研究方向为行政管理。

Study on Security Policy of Athletes’ Career Transition in Developed Countries

Li Jingyuan   

  1. School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2013-11-25 Online:2014-07-25 Published:2014-07-23

摘要:

运动员保障政策不仅关系到运动员竞技成绩的提高和职业生涯的规划,还关系到竞技体育事业的可持续发展。通过对发达国家多个案例的分析论证,发现发达国家运动员保障政策对促进运动员职业转型有完备的法律体系、健全的保险种类、典型的计划和项目、系统的文化教育和职业培训体系以及广泛的社会参与5个影响要素。运动员保障政策越是满足以上5个要素,越能促进运动员职业转型成功。

关键词: 发达国家, 运动员保障政策, 职业转型, 竞技成绩, 竞技体育事业

Abstract:

Athlete security policy not only concerns athletes' performance improvement and their career planning, but also affects the sustainable development of competitive sports. Based on the case studies of developed countries, the author summarizes five factors which would promote the effect of athlete security policy on athletes' career transition: complete legal system, comprehensive insurance categories, typical programs and projects, systematic education and vocational training, and extensive social participation. The more the athlete security policy conforms to these five factors, the better the athletes achieve career transition.

Key words: developed countries, athlete security police, career transition, athletic performance, competitive sports development

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