北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 40-49.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2013.0591

• 法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

人体基因检测衍生的法律问题:梳理与展望

田野   

  1. 天津大学 文法学院, 天津 300072
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-24 出版日期:2014-11-25 发布日期:2014-11-21
  • 作者简介:田野(1979-),男,黑龙江哈尔滨人,副教授,博士,研究方向为民商法.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金资助项目(13CFX063);国家留学生基金(201308120066);四川省医事卫生法治研究中心课题(YF12-Y03)

Perspectives on Legal Issues Caused by Genetic Testing: Sorting and Looking into Future

Tian Ye   

  1. School of Liberal Art and Law, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
  • Received:2013-12-24 Online:2014-11-25 Published:2014-11-21

摘要:

基因检测技术在增进人类健康福祉的同时也带来了严峻的挑战,衍生出一系列法律问题,焦点在于技术应用与人性尊严的冲突与平衡.利用胚胎植入前基因诊断技术"设计婴儿",其合法性值得质疑.在基因检测中应关注对人格权的保护,贯彻知情同意与自决原则.对于基因利用产生的财产性收益,基因样本提供者应享有利益分享权.对新兴的基因检测服务产业须加强法律管制,以保护消费者权益.基因检测引发的赔偿纠纷日益增多,其责任构成、赔偿范围的法律规则有待明确统一.

关键词: 基因检测, 胚胎植入前基因诊断, 基因人格权, 利益分享权, 消费性基因检测, 产前诊断过失诉讼

Abstract:

Genetic testing technology not only brings mankind health and wellbeing but challenges as well. A series of legal issues has derived among which the balance between use of technology and protection of mankind dignity is the key in the dispute. The legality of designing a baby by the Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) is questioned seriously. Personality should be protected, and the genetic testing can be conducted only with the prior informed consent as prerequisite. Gene donors should be entitled to the profits brought by the use of gene data. The thriving business of directed-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing should be regulated strictly to protect consumers. Claims for damage caused by genetic testing happen in great number. A set of clear rule is to be explored to judge the torts and decide the scope of compensation for victims in lawsuits.

Key words: genetic testing, Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis, personality right of genes, profit sharing, DTC genetic testing, prenatal diagnosis negligence lawsuits

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