北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 98-102.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0007

• 语言与文学 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国英语学习者使用非词语化名词thing特点分析——基于语料库的调查研究

刘座雄, 杜蕾   

  1. 华中农业大学 外国语学院, 湖北 武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2014-01-07 出版日期:2014-09-25 发布日期:2014-09-22
  • 作者简介:刘座雄(1975- ),男,湖北咸宁人,副教授,硕士,研究方向为英语教学、二语习得.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金资助项目(14BYY162);中央高校基本科研业务经费专项资金资助项目(0900201137)

Corpus-based Study on the Use of Delexicalized Word “Thing” by Chinese English Learners

Liu Zuoxiong, Du Lei   

  1. School of Foreign Studies, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2014-01-07 Online:2014-09-25 Published:2014-09-22

摘要:

非词语化是普遍存在的语言现象,而thing是常用的非词语化词之一。基于一个中国学习者语料库和一个本族语者语料库的对比,研究了中国学习者使用thing的特点。结果表明,中国学习者倾向于过度使用该词,而且存在许多语义模糊、冗余、替代和搭配不当的用法;但随着语言水平的提高,该词的使用频率显著下降,这说明中国学习者对该词的使用符合中介语的发展规律。结合研究结果尝试分析了这些特点的成因,发现学习者的词汇能力、学习策略、语言负迁移和中介语心理认知机制等因素造成了中国学习者过度及不当使用thing的现象。

关键词: 中国英语学习者, 非词语化, thing, 语料库, 中国学习者语料库, 本族语者语料库

Abstract:

Delexicalization is a very common language phenomenon and "thing" is considered to be one of the frequently-used delexicalized words. Chinese learners' use of "thing" was investigated using the two corpora WECCL (Written English Corpus of Chinese Learners) and NESSIE (Native English Speakers' Similarly-and Identically-promoted Essays). The results indicate that Chinese learners tend to overuse the word compared with native speakers. Meanwhile, there are a large number of improper uses of "thing" such as redundance, substitution, collocation and semantic errors. However, the frequency of the use of the word and such errors significantly declines with the improvement of the learners' language competence, which is in conformity with the development pattern of interlanguage. The overuse and improper uses of "thing" might be attributed to the learners-limited lexical competence and learning strategies as well as the effects of language negative transfer and the psychological mechanism of interlanguage.

Key words: Chinese English learner, delexicalization, thing, corpus, WECCL, NESSIE

中图分类号: