北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 82-87.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0059

• 语言与文学 • 上一篇    下一篇

双语语码转换加工理论及理论模型研究述评

王震1, 范琳2   

  1. 1. 浙江海洋学院 东海科技学院, 浙江 舟山 316000;
    2. 北京外国语大学 外国语言研究所, 北京 100089
  • 收稿日期:2014-02-28 出版日期:2014-11-25 发布日期:2014-11-21
  • 作者简介:王震(1987-),男,安徽合肥人,助教,硕士,研究方向为心理语言学、二语习得.
  • 基金资助:

    教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金资助项目(12YJA740013);浙江海洋学院东海科技学院2013年校级课堂教学改革项目(jg2013003)

Review of Theories and Theoretical Models of Bilingual Code-switching Processing

Wang Zhen1   

  1. 1. Donghai Science and Technology College, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan 316000, China;
    2. Research Institute of Foreign Language, Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing 100089, China
  • Received:2014-02-28 Online:2014-11-25 Published:2014-11-21

摘要:

语码转换一直是双语加工研究的热点.采用诸多研究范式考察了语言产出与语言理解层面语码转换加工的认知和神经机制,并构建了相关理论及理论模型.在回顾抑制控制模型、交互协同模型、特定语言选择假说、特定语码选择阈限假说和双语交互激活模型等语码转换加工理论及理论模型的基础上,分析其在转换代价来源、转换代价不对称和词汇选择机制问题上存在的争议,进而从研究视角和研究方法等方面对语码转换加工未来研究的发展进行展望,以期进一步丰富国内外该领域的研究内容.

关键词: 双语者, 语码转换加工, 抑制控制模型, 交互协同模型, 双语交互激活模型

Abstract:

Code-switching has long been the focus of bilingual cognitive processing. Researchers have adopted various types of research paradigm to examine the cognitive and neural mechanism of code-switching processing during language production and language comprehension, and they constructed relevant theories and theoretical models. Based on a detailed review of theories and theoretical models concerning bilingual code-switching processing, such as Inhibitory Control Model, interactive alignment model, language-specific selection hypothesis, language-specific selection threshold hypothesis and Bilingual Interactive Activation Model, we analyze the controversies on the sources of switch costs, asymmetry of switch costs and mechanism of lexical selection among these theories and theoretical models. Moreover, issues that should be considered in future studies are discussed and some suggestions are made in terms of research perspectives and methods. It is hoped that the review can broaden the research topic concerning code-switching processing both at home and abroad.

Key words: Billingual, code-switching processing, Inhibitory Control Model, interactive alignment model, Bilingual Interactive Activation Model

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