北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 1-7.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0106

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国网络政治参与主体的特征——基于多项式回归模型的实证分析

杜智涛1, 付宏2, 任晓刚2   

  1. 1. 中国青年政治学院 新闻传播学院, 北京 100089;
    2. 北京市科学技术情报研究所, 北京 100048
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-20 出版日期:2014-09-25 发布日期:2014-09-22
  • 作者简介:杜智涛(1977- ),男,甘肃天水人,副教授,博士,研究方向为网络传播.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金青年项目(12CTQ046);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金资助项目(12YJCZH036);北京市哲学社会科学规划青年项目(11KDC028)

Characteristics of Online Political Participant in China:an Empirical Analysis Based on Polynomial Regression Model

Du Zhitao1, Fu Hong2, Ren Xiaogang2   

  1. 1. School of Journalism and Communication, China Youth University for Political Sciences, Beijing 100089, China;
    2. Beijing Institute of Science and Technology Information, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2014-03-20 Online:2014-09-25 Published:2014-09-22

摘要:

基于大样本的网络问卷调查构建了多项式回归模型,从人口统计特征、网络基本使用特征、网络政治参与行为特征和对网络政治参与效果的态度四个方面,对中国网络政治参与主体的结构与特征进行了探讨。这些特征主要是:参与主体为年纪轻、高学历、高收入、高素质、赋有理性的群体;现实社会中职业声望与网络话语权并不完全匹配,甚至是对立的;社会化媒体成为网络政治参与的主要工具,特别是微博在网络维权上发挥着独特的作用;公民网络政治参与的主要目的是自我实现。

关键词: 网络, 政治参与, 网络政治参与主体, 网络维权, 社会化媒体, 多项式回归模型

Abstract:

This article first established a polynomial regression model based on a large sample network questionnaire survey, and then discussed the structure and characteristics of online political participant of China from the following four aspects: demographic characteristics, basic characteristics of using network, characteristics of online political participative behavior and attitude about the effect of online political participation. It is found that these four aspects have the following characteristics respectively. The online political participants are mainly consisted of those rational youth who have highly educated background, high incomes and high comprehensive quality. The occupational prestige in the realistic society does not match with the network voice, sometimes it even means the least network voice. Social media has become the main tool and platform for online political participation, especially microblogs which play a unique role in online rights protection. The main goal of civic online political participation is self-actualization.

Key words: online, political participation, online political participant, online rights protection, social media, polynomial regression model

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