北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 11-16,48.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0111

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国完善应急预案的关键问题——对七大关系的考量

王宏伟   

  1. 中国人民大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-24 出版日期:2015-03-25 发布日期:2015-04-23
  • 作者简介:王宏伟(1968- ),男,河北承德人,副教授,博士,研究方向为公共安全与应急管理.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金资助项目(12BGL109)

Critical Problems in Improving Emergency Plans in China: a Perspective of Seven Relationships

Wang Hongwei   

  1. School of Public Administration and Policy, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2014-03-24 Online:2015-03-25 Published:2015-04-23

摘要:

预案是应急准备的一项重要内容,但在应急实践中,中国预案的针对性、实用性与可操作性不足,缺少实效性,因此,需完善应急预案。完善应急预案的关键问题在于正确处理应急预案管理中的七大关系,即静态与动态、目标与能力、预测与现实、简单与复杂、分工与协调、详细与灵活、集权与分权的关系。

关键词: 非常规突发事件, 应急预案, 应急准备, 应急规划, 实效性

Abstract:

Emergency plan is an important constituent of emergency preparedness. But in emergency management practice, China's emergency plans are often criticized for lack of pertinence, practicability and maneuverability and they have to be improved in effectiveness. The key point to solve the problems is to correctly handle seven relationships between plan and planning, target and capability, prediction and fact, simplicity and complexity, division and coordination, details and agility, centralization and de-centralization.

Key words: non-routine emergencies, emergency plan, emergency preparedness, emergency planning, effectiveness

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