北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 53-59.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0129

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

一样的宪法,不一样的政治——《论宪法作为国家的根本法与高级法》之分析

翟小波   

  1. 郑州大学 法学院, 郑州 450001
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-31 出版日期:2014-05-25 发布日期:2014-05-28
  • 作者简介:翟小波(1978—),男,河南济源人,教授,博士,研究方向为法哲学、宪法学.

The Same Constitution, the Different Politics:A Comment on The Constitution as the Basic and Higher Law

Zhai Xiaobo   

  1. School of Law, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
  • Received:2014-03-31 Online:2014-05-25 Published:2014-05-28

摘要:

对陈端洪的《论宪法作为国家的根本法与高级法》一文的分析和解释。在陈文中,宝贵的实证主义立场与令人费解的神秘化倾向相互交织,引发了学界不少的批评或误解。首先批评了该文的神秘化倾向,尤其是“‘中国共产党领导下的中国人民'作为制宪权的主体”“立宪时刻是神圣时刻”和“民主与专政也辩证地统一于‘中国共产党领导下的中国人民'”之类的模糊费解的表述,然后努力穿透该文的一些貌似不一致的表述,以理解其政治宪法主义。陈文的贡献是解释宪法生动的政治内涵,探明宪法不能司法化的实质原因,指出中国宪治道路的特色。陈端洪强调“政治本身就是宪法”,但这不表明他认为一切政治行为都是合宪的,它只表明,陈端洪认为作为宪法内容的某种意志的落实和更新是政治性的。其所谓的五大根本法是对宪法现实的理论描述。这种描述服务于某种规范目的,但并不必然代表作者本人的规范立场。在陈的政治宪法主义中,"“政治的”是力量的,政治宪法主义呼吁新的社会动力以推动目前的政治体制的硬球,并要求把这种新动力传输到体制内部,把它转化为内部常规要素;“政治的”是结构的,政治宪法主义要用新的政治结构来确保权力的责任。

关键词: 政治宪法, 宪法, 司法化, 民主, 法治

Abstract:

This essay is an analysis and interpretation of The Constitution as the Basic and Higher Law by Professor Chen Duanhong. In Chen's article, positivism and mysticism intertwine with each other, which led to many criticisms and misunderstandings among constitutional lawyers. The paper puts forward criticism on the puzzling and mysterious statements in Chen's article, such as "the Chinese People under the Leadership of the Chinese Communist Party is the constituent assembly", "Constituent moment is a sacred moment", and "democracy and dictatorship are unified in ‘the Chinese People under the Leadership of the Chinese Communist Party-". The paper also pierces through some of Chen's apparently inconsistent formulations to understand his political constitutionalism. Chen's contributions include highlighting the political dimension of the Constitution, demonstrating the real reason why the Constitution can not be judicialized, and pointing out the distinctive features of Chinese Constitutionalism. Chen stresses that "The Politics is the Constitution itself", which does not mean he believes that all political actions are constitutional; what he means to say is the implementation and updating of dominant wills in the Constitution is political; Chen's five basic laws are a theoretical description of the constitutional reality; this description serves normative purpose, but does not necessarily represent his normative positions. In Chen's political constitutionalism, "the political" is mainly concerned with the structure of real power: political constitutionalism calls for new social forces to move the hard ball of the current political system, and it requires these forces to be internalized into the formal system. "The political" is also concerned with the structure: political constitutionalism needs a new political structure to ensure the accountability of the power.

Key words: political constitution, constitution, judicialization, democracy, rule of law

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