北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 69-74.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0131

• 政治宪法学专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

司法审查的民主视角——以《论美国的民主》为中心

陈燕   

  1. 北京大学 法学院, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-31 出版日期:2014-05-25 发布日期:2014-05-28
  • 作者简介:陈燕(1983—),男,重庆忠县人,博士研究生,研究方向为宪法学.

On Judicial Review from the Perspective of Democracy:Centered around Democracy in America

Chen Yan   

  1. School of Law, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2014-03-31 Online:2014-05-25 Published:2014-05-28

摘要: 在为司法审查提供正当性论证时,传统的解释诉诸自然权利理论,其经典公式是基本权利不取决于任何投票的结果,但这在理论上是无法自洽的。因此,需要从人民主权自身的结构去理解司法审查的逻辑。从民主视角考察,不仅法院是内生于民主国家的权力结构的,而且法官在进行司法审查时,也是严格按照民主规则和程序进行的。在民主视角下,司法审查的功能主要在于它是政治宪法结构的平衡阀。

关键词: 司法审查, 自然权利理论, 民主, 法学家精神, 政治宪法结构, 《论美国的民主》

Abstract: In justifying judicial review, the traditional explanation resorts to the theory of natural right, and the classic formula is this: the fundamental rights do not depend on the outcome of any kind of vote. But this is not self-consistent theoretically. The logic of judicial review, therefore, needs to be understood within the structure of the popular sovereignty itself. From the perspective of democracy, the court is produced within the structure of a democratic state, and judicial review is conducted in accordance with democratic rules and procedures. From the perspective of democracy, judicial review is the balancing valve of the political constitutional structure.

Key words: judicial review, theory of natural right, democracy, spirit of jurist, political constitutional structure, Democracy in America

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