北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 20-24.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0166

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

论嫦娥工程专利保护制度的完善

蔡高强, 刘功奇   

  1. 湘潭大学法学院, 湖南 湘潭 411105
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-22 出版日期:2014-07-25 发布日期:2014-07-23
  • 作者简介:蔡高强(1967-),男,湖南益阳人,教授,博士,研究方向为国际法、国际经济法。

On Patent Protection Improvement of Chang’e Project

Cai Gaoqiang, Liu Gongqi   

  1. Law School, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, China
  • Received:2014-04-22 Online:2014-07-25 Published:2014-07-23

摘要:

目前,中国关于嫦娥工程专利保护的法律规定主要涉及权属制度、激励机制、管理机制以及专利申请程序等方面的内容,但随着中国国防科研体制的改革和嫦娥工程的市场化运作,现有专利保护制度忽视了科研单位专利权的保护,对职务发明人权益保障乏力,且存在管理机构协调性差、专利申请程序不合理等问题。因此,完善嫦娥工程专利保护制度需从明确专利权属方面入手,激励项目承担者的创新积极性,同时健全专利管理和转化机制,发挥航天专利对国民经济和社会的带动作用,并通过完善国际合作中知识产权保护配套法律,提高嫦娥工程专利的国际保护水平。

关键词: 嫦娥工程, 专利保护, 知识产权, 专利管理机制, 专利申请程序

Abstract:

At present, China's patent protection law about Chang'e Project mainly involves the ownership system, the incentive mechanism, the management mechanism and the patent application process. However, with the reform of scientific research system of the national defense in China and the market operation of Chang'e Project, the existing patent protection system has such problems as the lack of patent protection of scientific research institutes, the insufficient protection of the inventor's rights and interests, the poor coordination of the management institutions and unreasonable patent application process. The improvement of the patent protection system of Chang'e Project must start from the explicit patent ownership, the incentive of innovation enthusiasm of the project undertakers and the improvement of the mechanism of patent management and transformation. At the same time, the improvement of the patent protection system should ensure the leading role of the aerospace patent for the national economic and social development ant it should also improve the international protection level of the Chang'e Project patent by perfecting the supporting laws of intellectual property rights protection in international cooperation.

Key words: Chang’e Project, patent protection, intellectual property rights, patent management mechanism, patent application process

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