北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 29-34.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0185

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

马航MH370事件损害赔偿论

董念清   

  1. 中国民航管理干部学院 航空法研究中心, 北京 100102
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-30 出版日期:2014-09-25 发布日期:2014-09-22
  • 作者简介:董念清(1969- ),男,甘肃通渭人,教授,博士,研究方向为航空法和经济法.

On Compensations for Passengers on MH370

Dong Nianqing   

  1. Center of Air Law, Civil Aviation Management College of China, Beijing 100102, China
  • Received:2014-04-30 Online:2014-09-25 Published:2014-09-22

摘要:

航空运输事故的赔偿是一件相当复杂的事情,马来西亚航空公司MH370航班的损害赔偿更是如此。解决赔偿的基本法律依据是1999年《蒙特利尔公约》,该公约对于乘客伤亡并没有规定一个最高的数额。诉讼时效的计算在很大程度上取决于受理案件的法院所在地的法律规定。113 100特别提款权虽然是固定不变的,但具体换算成人民币的数额,却因换算时间的不同而处于动态变化之中。并不是所有的空难事故的案件原告得到的赔偿额都很高,实际的情况是有高有低,取决于每个案件的具体情况,从航空事故理赔实践看,实际赔偿额远远高于法定数额。乘客因自己购买商业保险所得到的赔偿与承运人对乘客应承担的赔偿责任是完全不同的事,承运人的责任不因此而免除。

关键词: 马航MH370, 航空运输事故, 航空事故理赔, 1999年《蒙特利尔公约》, 诉讼时效

Abstract:

Compensation for air crash passengers is quite complicated. So is Malaysia airlines flight MH370. Montreal convention of 1999 is the basic law for Malaysia Airlines missing flight MH370 passengers. The convention does not specify a highest amount or limits of liability for passengers' compensation. The calculation of limitations of actions depends largely on the law of the place where a court accepts the case. Although 113100 Special Drawing Rights (SDRS) is fixed, how much RMB it amounts to depends on the date it is converted. So it is in dynamic change. Not all passengers can get high compensation in plane crash cases. From the aviation accident compensation practices, compensation is much higher than the statutory amount. The compensation passengers get from insurance company for purchasing commercial insurance for themselves is totally different from the liability of airlines.

Key words: MH370, aviation accident, aviation accident compensation, Montreal convention of 1999, limitation of action

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