北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 44-48.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0200

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

空间碎片主动移除任务的相关法律问题

王钊1, 杨东春2, 康志宇1   

  1. 1. 上海宇航系统工程研究所, 上海 201109;
    2. 上海航天技术研究院, 上海 201109
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-06 出版日期:2015-03-25 发布日期:2015-04-23
  • 作者简介:王钊(1983- ),女,山西大同人,工程师,硕士,研究方向为空间安全战略及空间飞行器总体设计.

Legal Matters about Space Debris Removing

Wang Zhao1, Yang Dongchun2, Kang Zhiyu1   

  1. 1. Aerospace System Engineering Shanghai, Shanghai 201109, China;
    2. Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology, Shanghai 201109, China
  • Received:2014-05-06 Online:2015-03-25 Published:2015-04-23

摘要:

外层空间活动增多,空间环境日益恶劣,但却欠缺相应的国际国内空间法律。基于空间碎片主动移除任务流程,提出中国作为移除任务责任主体应遵循法律约束,他国作为行为主体造成中国卫星损害时可采取法律保护。初步构想中国空间碎片主动移除任务的法律机制,针对移除飞行器方案设计阶段和飞行试验阶段,分别制定风险评估、许可登记、监测预警、应急机制以及赔偿处罚制度。结合中国航天技术领域发展现状,提出应进一步完善中国空间碎片减缓标准及政策法律机制建设。

关键词: 空间碎片, 主动移除, 外空条约, 减缓标准, 法律机制

Abstract:

With more and more activities in the outer space, the space environment is deteriorating, and there are deficiencies in both international and internal space law. Based on the process of space debris removing, this paper puts forward legal restraints China should abide by as the main responsibility in the removing and legal protection other countries should seek as behavioral agent causing damage to China's satellites. The paper also suggests constructing legal mechanism on the research and test process about removing debris satellites, such as risk evaluation, admission register, scout warning, response mechanism, and compensation system of punishment. Finally the paper suggests speeding up the development of the national law, making use of international treaties and strengthening national space debris mitigation criterion and legal mechanism.

Key words: space debris, removing debris, space law, decreasing standard, legal mechanism

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