北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 8-14.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0206

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

当前中国民族地区社会保障状况实证研究

曹丽娜, 胡赛龙   

  1. 中央民族大学理学院, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-08 出版日期:2014-07-25 发布日期:2014-07-23
  • 作者简介:曹丽娜(1976-),女,回族,辽宁鞍山人,副教授,博士,研究方向为人口统计学。
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金资助项目(13CRK002);国家民委民族问题研究项目(2013-GM-096);国家民委科研项目(12ZYZ004);中央民族大学自主科研项目(1112KYQN32)

Empirical Study on Current Security Status in China’s Minority Areas

Cao Lina, Hu Sailong   

  1. College of Science, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2014-05-08 Online:2014-07-25 Published:2014-07-23

摘要:

近年来,国家通过“兴边富民行动”“扶持人口较少民族发展规划”和“少数民族事业十二五规划”等措施加大了对民族地区财政扶持的力度,使民族地区的社会保障覆盖面有所扩大、保障能力有所增强。为了量化反映民族地区的社会保障水平,以5个自治区、30个自治州为研究对象,以统计数据为基础,采用编制民族地区社会保障指数的方法,通过计算各民族地区的社会保障指数,发现社会保障水平居于全国之上的只有内蒙古自治区、新疆维吾尔自治区和西藏自治区3个自治区,海北藏族自治州等7个自治州的社会保障水平与全国平均水平持平,而其余的自治区和自治州的社会保障水平低于全国平均水平,临夏回族自治州的社会保障能力最低,仅达到全国平均水平的70%。总体上,民族地区的养老保障能力最薄弱,其次是医疗保障能力,最低生活保障能力相对较好。

关键词: 民族地区, 社会保障, 医疗保险, 养老保险, 最低生活保障

Abstract:

In recent years, Chinese government has taken certain measures to increase the financial support in minority areas and the coverage of social security system has been extended and the social security condition has been improved in these areas. In order to measure the social security situation of minority areas, the paper chooses 5 autonomous regions and 30 autonomous prefectures and compiles an index of social security of minority areas according to the public statistic data. It is found that in terms of social security, among the 5regions, 3 are better than the average condition of the whole country; among the 30 prefectures, 7 equal the average condition of the whole country, and the rest are worse than the average condition of the whole country. In the minority areas, pension insurance policy is most inefficient, and medical insurance policy the second. The policy for the minimum living allowance is comparatively efficient.

Key words: minority areas, social security, medical insurance, pension insurance, the lowest life security

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