北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 33-38.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0213

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

NPO发展环境的互动关系研究——以北京市协作者社会工作发展中心为例

多宏宇   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 人文社会科学学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-09 出版日期:2015-05-25 发布日期:2015-07-23
  • 作者简介:多宏宇(1981—),男,河北秦皇岛人,助理研究员,硕士,研究方向为公共政策与公共管理.

Interaction of Non-Profit Organizations Development Environment: a Case Study of Beijing Collaborators of Social Work Development Center

Duo Hongyu   

  1. School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2014-05-09 Online:2015-05-25 Published:2015-07-23

摘要:

以北京市协作者社会工作发展中心为个案,发现其存在收支紧平衡和资金支持不稳定的资金困境、政府资源闭环运行体系中官民组织地位不平等、政府传统管理角色意识与现代契约精神间冲突所导致的NPO与政府合作的尴尬。运用Rhodes的政策网络分类模型对NPO发展环境构建中涉及的政策社群、专业网络、生产者网络和议题网络等主体及其行为进行研究,发现其与政府、企业、其他非营利组织以及专业网络和议题网络存在互动关系,提出北京市协作者社会工作发展中心与政府之间是基于资源依赖的非对称性互动关系、与企业之间是基于资源交换的对称性互动关系、与其他非营利组织间存在合作与博弈的双重关系、与专业网络和议题网络间主要表现为合作关系。

关键词: 政策网络, 非营利组织, 互动关系, 北京市协作者社会工作发展中心, 非对称性互动, 对称性互动

Abstract:

Taking Beijing Collaborators of Social Work Development Center (hereinafter referring to as "Beijing Collaborators") as an example, the paper lists out the problems Beijing Collaborators faces: financial distress of tight balance and unstable financial support, inequality status of officials and Non-Governmental Organizations in a closed-loop system of government resources, embarrassment between Non-Profit Organization (NPO) and government resulting from the conflict of traditional management role of the government and spirit of modern contract. Based on the Rhodes policy network classification model, this paper explores the subjects and behaviors in the policy community, professional network, producer networks and issue network in the construction of NPO development environment. It is found that there is an interactive relationship among Beijing Collaborators and the government, enterprises, other NPO, professional networks and issue networks. This paper illustrates that there is an asymmetry interaction based on resource dependence between Beijing Collaborators and the government, symmetry interaction based on resource exchange between Beijing Collaborators and the enterprise, dual relationship of cooperation and game between Beijing Collaborators and NPO, cooperation relationship among Beijing Collaborators, professional network and issue network.

Key words: policy network, Non-Profit Organization, interaction, Beijing Collaborators of Social Work Development Center, unbalanced interaction, balanced interaction

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