北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (3): 51-60.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0320

• 法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

论《刑法》第288条的法律适用之困境及完善

王永茜   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-30 出版日期:2016-05-25 发布日期:2016-05-26
  • 作者简介:王永茜(1979-),女,山东省即墨人,讲师,博士,研究方向为刑法、比较刑法.
  • 基金资助:

    北京航空航天大学基本科研业务费资助项目(YWF-14-RSC-043)

On Application Dilemma and Completion of Amendment to Article 288 of Criminal Law

GANG Yongqian   

  1. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2014-06-30 Online:2016-05-25 Published:2016-05-26

摘要:

国务院法制办于2014年5月发布了《中华人民共和国无线电管理条例(修订草案)(征求意见稿)》,将无线电频率和卫星轨道资源明确规定为无线电管理条例保护的对象,这无疑给刑法提出了新问题。为了维护无线电通讯秩序,中国1997年《刑法》增设了第288条扰乱无线电通讯管理秩序罪,但此罪在犯罪成立的条件上要求过高、在司法实践的认定上存在困难,几乎沦为"废条"。《刑法》要发挥保护无线电频率和卫星轨道资源的作用,就必须根据现实的需要对第288条做出适当的修改,使其走出"废条"困境。

关键词: 扰乱行为, 犯罪成立条件, 责令程序, 《刑法》, 立法目的

Abstract:

In May 2014, the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council P. R. China issued the Radio Administration Regulation (Amendment Draft) (a draft for invitation of recommendation), which specifically stipulates that radio transmission and satellite communication shall be protected by such regulation, which brings out new issue for the criminal law. Article 288 of PRC Criminal Law stipulated crimes of disrupting regulation order of radio transmission; however, the establishing standards for this crime are too high, thus this article has not been applied in judicial practices ever since it has been passed. If Criminal Law wants to function well to protect radio transmission and satellite communication, the legislative department must amend Article 288 according to the actual needs, thus to make Article 288 go out of the "obsolete" dilemma.

Key words: disturbing act, establishing standards of crime, pre-order procedure, Criminal Law, legislation aim

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