北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 80-87.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0457

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

大学生自我效能感对就业焦虑的影响——基于人力资本调节下的实证研究

赵延昇, 汪乐   

  1. 中国科学技术大学 管理学院, 安徽 合肥 230026
  • 收稿日期:2014-09-17 出版日期:2017-01-25 发布日期:2017-01-16
  • 作者简介:赵延异(1964-),女,安徽寿县人,副教授,硕士,研究方向为营销与人资管理.

Effect of College Students' Self-Efficacy on Employment Anxiety: An Empirical Study Based on Human Capital Regulation

ZHAO Yansheng, WANG Le   

  1. School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei Anhui 230026, China
  • Received:2014-09-17 Online:2017-01-25 Published:2017-01-16

摘要:

以自我效能感为自变量,就业焦虑为因变量,人力资本和就业期望为调节变量构建了概念模型。利用统计分析抽样调查所得到的数据,分别测评自我效能感对就业期望和就业焦虑的影响,得出自我效能感对就业期望和就业焦虑有负向影响;人力资本对就业期望和就业焦虑之间存在一定的调节作用,大学生就业期望高时,自我效能感对就业焦虑的影响程度要高于就业期望较低时自我效能感对就业焦虑的影响程度。另外,就业期望对就业焦虑有显著的正向影响。根据研究结果得出人力资本每个维度对于大学生就业期望和就业焦虑的具体影响。

关键词: 大学生, 自我效能感, 就业期望, 就业焦虑, 人力资本

Abstract:

This paper builds a conceptual model with self-efficacy as the independent variable, employment anxiety as the dependent variable, and human capital and employment expectations as the moderator variables. Through statistical analysis of the sample data, the author then evaluates the effect of self-efficacy on employment expectation and employment anxiety respectively and reaches the following three results. Firstly, self-efficacy has negative effect on employment expectations and employment anxiety. Secondly, the human capital plays a modulatory role for employment expectations and employment anxiety. And when college students have high employment expectations, self-efficacy has stronger effect on employment anxiety than when they have low employment expectations. Thirdly, employment expectations have a significant positive effect on employment anxiety. According to those results, this paper concludes with the specific effect of each dimension of human capital on college students' employment expectations and employment anxiety.

Key words: college students, self-efficacy, employment expectations, employment anxiety, human capital

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