北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 29-35.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0510

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国航空旅客不轨行为法律规制探究

袁发强, 施天翊   

  1. 华东政法大学 国际航运法律学院, 上海 200042
  • 收稿日期:2014-10-09 出版日期:2016-01-25 发布日期:2016-01-21
  • 作者简介:袁发强(1966—),男,湖北武汉人,教授,博士,研究方向为国际私法、国际航运法.

Legal Regulation of Air Passengers' Unruly Behavior in China

YUAN Faqiang, SHI Tianyi   

  1. International Shipping Law School, East China University of Political Science and Law, Shanghai 200042, China
  • Received:2014-10-09 Online:2016-01-25 Published:2016-01-21

摘要:

近年来,中国航空旅客的不轨行为愈演愈烈,已经严重影响了航空运输的安全,但是机场公安执法部门在惩治不轨行为方面的表现往往消极、迟缓,且处罚不力。究其原因,民航安全法律法规和《治安管理处罚法》在规制不轨行为的衔接上存在问题,导致执法部门消极执法,害怕在行政诉讼中败诉。因此,有必要单独就危害航空安全的行为出台相关条例,增强《治安管理处罚法》在惩治不轨行为上的可操作性,以有效减少和杜绝危害航空安全的行为。

关键词: 航空运输, 不轨旅客, 公共安全, 民航安全法规, 《治安管理处罚法》

Abstract:

The unruly behavior of Chinese air passengers has become increasingly fierce in recent years, which has threatened the safety of air transportation. However, the law enforcement department of airport public security often behaves passively with sluggish and weak punishment to unruly behaviors. The reason for this is that civil aviation safety laws and Public Security Administration Punishments Law have some problem connecting with each other on regulating unruly behavior, which causes the airport public security to enforce the law negatively, because they are afraid of losing in the administrative lawsuit. Therefore, it is necessary to enact relative regulation on the behavior that endangers the aviation safety, in order to enhance the operability of Public Security Administration Punishments Law on regulating unruly behavior. Only in this way can the behaviors jeopardizing the aviation safety be effectively decreased or even completely eradicated.

Key words: aviation transportation, unruly passengers, public safety, aviation safety laws and regulations, Public Security Administration Punishments

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