北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 9-15.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0545

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

社会企业与社会治理创新:模式与路径

李健1, 王名2   

  1. 1. 中央民族大学 管理学院, 北京 100081;
    2. 清华大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2014-10-22 出版日期:2015-05-25 发布日期:2015-07-23
  • 作者简介:李健(1981—),男,辽宁盘锦人,副教授,博士,研究方向为社会企业.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社科基金重点项目(13AM2003)

Social Enterprises and Social Governance Innovation: Mode and Path

Li Jian1, Wang Ming2   

  1. 1. School of Management, MinZu University of China, Beijing 100081, China;
    2. School of Public Policy & Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2014-10-22 Online:2015-05-25 Published:2015-07-23

摘要:

社会企业着眼于社会问题的解决,通过商业机制弥合政府、市场和社会三个部门的明显界限,同时注重发展营利和非营利的融合模式,是创新社会治理的有力抓手。在结合环境脉络对社会企业进行概念梳理的基础上,总结出社会企业的本土化表征及其与社会治理的关系,中国的社会企业已初步形成依托传统体制、引进市场机制、投身社会目的及关注社区成员利益等四种社会治理创新模式,从政府、企业和社会组织多元互动的视角出发,在中国发展社会企业应寻求政府支持,鼓励企业与社会组织参与。

关键词: 社会治理, 社会企业, 社会组织, 社会创新, 社会问题

Abstract:

As an active exploration for social governance innovation, social enterprise aims at solving social problems, eliminating obvious bounds among government, market and social sector through commercial mechanisms. It is also a greathelp for social governance innovation while focusing on developing an integration model for both for-profit and Non-Profit Organizations. This paper first expounds a multidimensional definition of social enterprise combining with environmental contexts of different countries, and thensums up four practical models including relying on the traditional institution, introducing market mechanism, devoting to social purpose and paying close attention to the interests of community member. Finally, it discusses how to develop social enterprises in China from the angle of the government, enterprises and social organizations.

Key words: social governance, social enterprise, social organization, social innovation, social problems

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