北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 30-40.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0585

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

马航MH17事件与保障民航安全的国家责任

刘伟民   

  1. 中国民航管理干部学院, 北京 100102
  • 收稿日期:2014-11-13 出版日期:2015-01-25 发布日期:2015-01-24
  • 作者简介:刘伟民(1941-),男,湖南湘潭人,教授,研究生学历,研究方向为航空法与航空运输政策.

Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 and State Responsibility for Civil Aviation Safety and Security

Liu Weimin   

  1. Civil Aviation Management Institute of China, Beijing 100102, China
  • Received:2014-11-13 Online:2015-01-25 Published:2015-01-24

摘要:

马航MH17航班被击落事件是人间悲剧,震惊世界,深受谴责。航空运输必须大力发展,保障空中航行安全是首要任务。航空器运行必须统一技术标准,空中交通必须统一规则,服从统一的空中交通管制。保障空中航行安全法规已成一定体系,保障空中航行安全技术措施成效显著,但应总结经验教训,进一步完善。国际社会是主权国家组成的社会。在国际航空关系中,主权国家发挥着重要作用。国际关系"法治化"已是大势所趋。应加强国际法治,凡违反强制性法律规范的不法行为,应承担国家责任,以杜绝民航飞机被击落悲剧的再次发生,切实保障空中航行安全。

关键词: 马航MH17航班, 空中航行安全, 国际法治, 强行法, 国家责任

Abstract:

The downed Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 is a human tragedy. The top priority of air transport development is to ensure flight safety and security. There should be unified technical standard for aircraft operation and uniform rules for air traffic which should be subject to uniform air traffic control. Laws and regulations for air navigation safety and security have been established systematically. Still there are many things that need to be done. International society is composed of sovereign states. In the international aviation relations, sovereign states play an important role. The "legalization" of international relations has become a general trend. The international rule of law needs to be strengthened and any state who dares to violate peremptory norm of international law should bear state responsibilities in order to prevent the tragedy from happening again. Thus the safety and security of air navigation can be effectively safeguarded.

Key words: Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17, safety and security of air navigation, international rule of law, jus cogens, state responsibility

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