北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 95-104.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0012

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

哈佛大学通识教育的理念创新与改革——哈佛大学通识教育工作组报告

哈佛大学通识教育工作1, 罗旻2   

  1. 1. 哈佛大学, Cambridge 02138;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 人文与社会科学高等研究院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-07 出版日期:2015-09-25 发布日期:2015-09-25
  • 作者简介:哈佛大学通识教育工作组由来自哈佛大学物理、生物、文学、社会、人类学、哲学等各个领域的专家组成,探讨通识教育的理念,并为哈佛大学设计通识教育方案,撰写纲领性文件.译者简介:罗旻(1983—),女,北京人,讲师,博士,研究方向为中国古代文学.
  • 基金资助:

    北京航空航天大学基本科研业务费资助项目(30383101)

Reform and Concept Innovation of Harvard General Education:Report of the Task Force on General Education

General Education1, Luo Min2   

  1. 1. Harvard University, Cambridge 02138, USA;
    2. Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2015-01-07 Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-09-25

摘要:

《哈佛大学通识教育工作组报告》共分为五个部分,围绕通识教育这一核心,从理念、目标、课程体系、课外活动和操作实施等方面分层次阐释。面对不断变化的世界,通识教育必须在学生所学的知识与学院外的世界间建构联系,使学生获得文化艺术修养与道德判断能力,做好参与公共事务的准备。为此,需要建构新的通识教育体系,在如下八个领域开设通识教育课程:审美与阐释、文化与信仰、经验理性、道德理性、生命科学、物理科学、世界社会和世界中的美国。在课程之外,仍需在课外活动中培育学生学习的主动性。在管理层面,应建立新的通识教育常务委员会,为通识教育提供更多方面的支持。

关键词: 通识教育, 通识课程体系, 公共领域, 公共事务, 教育改革

Abstract:

Report of the Task Force on General Education is divided into five parts: reason and goals for General Education, General Education Curriculum, activity-based learning and implementation. In the endless changing world, General Education should make connection between the knowledge which learnt by students and the reality world outside the college, to make students get abilities of culture, arts, and moral judgments, and get ready to participate in public affairs. So a new General Education Curriculum should be made, which should be set up in eight domains as follows: aesthetic and interpretive understanding, culture and belief, empirical reasoning, ethical reasoning, science of living systems, Science of physical universe, societies of the world, The United States in the world. Besides the curriculums, initiative to learning should be trained in extracurricular activities. In the administer level, the university should set up a new General Education Committee to support general education from more fields.

Key words: general education, general education curriculum, public sphere, public affairs, education reform

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