北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 77-94.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0014

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

哈佛大学通识教育的历史与未来——哈佛大学通识教育报告

哈佛大学通识教育委员, 王永茜   

  1. 哈佛大学, Cambridge 02138;
    北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-07 出版日期:2015-09-25 发布日期:2015-09-25
  • 作者简介:哈佛大学通识教育委员会,由来自天文学、管理学、心理学、生物学、哲学、经济学等各个领域的13名教授和2名本科生代表组成,委员会的特定使命就是:"制定出一份关于通识教育要求的建议,并据此设计出能满足通识教育要求的课程机制"。王永茜(1979—),女,山东青岛人,讲师,博士,研究方向为刑法学.
  • 基金资助:

    北京航空航天大学基本科研业务费资助项目(30383101)

History and Future of Harvard's General Education:Report of the Committee on General Education

General Education, Wang Yongqian   

  1. Harvard University, Cambridge 02138, USA;
    Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2015-01-07 Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-09-25

摘要:

本科生应当接受不同领域的博雅教育,这一信念对于21世纪乃至后世的美国教育而言都至关重要。在这份报告中,通识教育委员会肯定了哈佛大学旨在提供一种广泛且多样化学习的通识教育理念,重申了旨在提高学生自身素质和公民素质的自由教育的目标,而这一目标与主要为了学生在特定的专业或者职业领域做好准备的学习理念恰好反其道而行。这份报告将给哈佛大学的本科生教育带来一种更加深入的、也更具意义的教学思路,同时也能为学生遵从其自身的特定兴趣提供更加自由的发展空间。

关键词: 通识教育, 自由教育, 学习理念, 核心课程, 通识教育课程

Abstract:

That undergraduates should receive a broad education in a range of areas has been important to American education for a century or more. In this report, the Committee affirms Harvard's commitment to the ideals of a general education that aims to provide a breadth and variety of study. The Committee reaffirms the goals of a liberal education that aims to develop self and citizen in contrast to studies aimed primarily at the preparation for a specific profession or occupation. This report will give greater depth and meaning to a crucial segment of every Harvard undergraduate's education and provide students with more freedom to follow their own particular interests.

Key words: general education, free education, studying ideals, core curriculum, general education curriculum

中图分类号: