北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 31-34,41.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0021

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

机上安保员的法律问题研究

杨君琳1, 苗飞2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100191;
    2. 北京京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-09 出版日期:2015-09-25 发布日期:2015-09-25
  • 作者简介:杨君琳(1972—),女,陕西咸阳人,博士研究生,研究方向为公共政策与管理.

Legal Research on In-Flight Security Officer

Yang Junlin1, Miao Fei2   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China;
    2. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2015-01-09 Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-09-25

摘要:

机上安保员最早是各国国内为打击劫机等恐怖犯罪而设立的,后来被更多国家采纳。随着国际航空安保形势的发展,国际民航组织启动了《东京公约》现代化的进程,并在2014年通过的《关于修订〈关于航空器内犯罪和其他某些行为的公约〉议定书》中增加了机上安保员的内容。研究和分析了机上安保员的发展历史、设立的法律依据以及议定书对机上安保员的规定,指出机上安保员是国家公权力的代表,法律地位特殊,建议在中国国内法中建立机上安保员制度。

关键词: 机上安保员, 《东京公约》, 《蒙特利尔议定书》, 航空安保, 空中警察

Abstract:

In-Flight Security Officer (IFSO) is introduced to combat hijacking and other crimes. The IFSO has been accepted by more and more courtiers and has been playing an important role for the domestic and international aviation security. With the development of international civil aviation, the ICAO started the modernization of Tokyo Convention and promulgated the Protocol to Amend the Convention on Offence and Certain other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft. The IFSO was incorporated into the Protocol. In order to clarify the legal status of the IFSO, the author studied and analyzed history of IFSO's development, legal basis of its establishment and provisions of the protocol to IFSO, then pointed out that IFSO has special legal status because they are representative of the public power of states. It is proposed that the system of IFSO should be established in Chinese domestic law.

Key words: In-Flight Security Officer, Tokyo Convention, Montreal Protocol, aviation security, air police

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