北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 33-38.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0076

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

小卫星项目的法律适用和发展趋势

夏春利   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-29 出版日期:2016-03-25 发布日期:2016-03-28
  • 作者简介:夏春利(1980-),女,河北昌黎人,副教授,博士,研究方向为国际法、频谱法、外空法.

On Law Application and Future Trends in Small Satellites Programs

XIA Chunli   

  1. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2015-01-29 Online:2016-03-25 Published:2016-03-28

摘要:

具有高功能密度的小卫星项目蓬勃发展,大大增强了私营实体和非航天大国参与空间活动的能力,引发了规则修订的需求。国家应建立空间活动的分级、分类许可条件,放宽小卫星行业的准入要求,并根据小卫星项目的目的、成本、收益和风险来设定第三者责任保险要求,规范小卫星的登记实践。空间碎片减缓应作为小卫星项目许可条件之一,以切实履行国家的外空环境保护责任。应简化国际电信联盟卫星频率和轨道位置协调程序,建立适应小卫星轨道特性、运行寿命和业务类型的管理规则。

关键词: 小卫星, 卫星频率轨道协调, 空间碎片减缓, 国家航天法, 外空软法

Abstract:

The vigorous development of small satellites with high functional density significantly enhanced the capacity of exploring outer space by private entities and non-space-faring nations and triggered a demand for revising the rules. National governments should issue space activities license according to the classified and categorized conditions and relax the market access requirements for small satellites programs. Third party liability insurance policy should be set on the balance of the purpose, cost, benefit and risks in small satellites programs. Registration of small satellites should be regulated according to international and national rules. Space debris mitigation should be a condition for licensing small satellites programs so that the States can bear the responsibility in space environment protection. The ITU satellite frequencies and orbits coordination procedures should be simplified to adapt to the special orbital characteristics, operating life and service type of small satellites.

Key words: small satellites, coordination of satellite frequencies and orbits, space debris mitigation, national space law, soft law in outer space

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