北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (3): 23-29.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0084

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于AHP法的核电站周边居民接受度评估研究

程诚, 罗立   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2015-02-04 出版日期:2016-05-25 发布日期:2016-05-26
  • 作者简介:程诚(1986-),男,满族,北京人,工程师,博士研究生,研究方向为科技政策管理.

On Public Acceptance in Peripheral Nuclear Power Plant Area Based on AHP Method

CHENG Cheng, LUO Li   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083
  • Received:2015-02-04 Online:2016-05-25 Published:2016-05-26

摘要:

接受度研究是以公众与技术间的相互作用关系为研究对象,其目的在于通过研究民众的风险意识特点,最终缓解技术发展与社会发展之间的潜在冲突。核电站是一类十分特殊的大型工程,自面世以来一直具有较大的争议性,引发邻避冲突的可能性也较大,因此,民众的接受与否对于核电的发展有重要的影响。运用AHP法建构核电站周边居民接受度评价模型并对湖南省桃花江核电站的周边居民接受度进行了分析,研究结果表明:桃花江核电站周边居民对核电站的接受度评估为良好,发生邻避冲突的风险较低,但在个人健康水平和民主性保障等单项指标上仍有较大的改善空间。

关键词: AHP法, 核电, 邻避冲突, 风险感知, 居民接受度

Abstract:

The research of acceptance focuses on the mutual relationship between public and technology, aiming to release the potential conflict between social development and technology development through the clearance of the characteristics of public risk awareness. As a large-scale and controversial project, the construction of nuclear power plant tends to trigger NIMBY conflict. Hence, public acceptance plays an important role in the feasibility of developing the nuclear power projects. Based on the method of AHP, this paper tries to structure a public acceptance model in peripheral nuclear power plant area, and analyzes the public acceptance in Taohuajiang nuclear plant of Hunan province. It shows that Taohuajinag nuclear plant shares a high score in public acceptance ratio, and stands in the low risk of NIMBY conflict. But, there is still much room to improve in the perspective of personal health level and democratic protection.

Key words: AHP method, nuclear, NIMBY conflict, risk perception, public acceptance

中图分类号: