北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 1-7.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0088

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

南非失业保障政策综述及评估

曾湘泉, 彭诗杰, 刘春凯   

  1. 中国人民大学 劳动人事学院, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2015-02-09 出版日期:2015-09-25 发布日期:2015-09-25
  • 作者简介:曾湘泉(1955—),男,湖南湘乡人,教授,博士,研究方向为劳动经济学、人力资源开发与管理等.

Review and Evaluation of South Africa's Unemployment Security Policies

Zeng Xiangquan, Peng Shijie, Liu Chunkai   

  1. School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2015-02-09 Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-09-25

摘要:

在梳理南非失业保障政策变迁的背景及南非现行失业保障政策的主要内容的基础上,从覆盖率、受益人群、新增就业、减贫、技能提升等多个角度对现行政策进行了评估,认为无论是消极的失业保险制度还是积极的公共工程计划,都不能为南非创造持续的就业岗位,难以从根源上解决以结构性失业为主的南非失业问题。

关键词: 南非, 失业, 失业保险, 公共工程计划, 政策评估

Abstract:

The paper reviews the backgrounds of the change of South Africa's unemployment security policies with an introduction to the main unemployment security policies in the current South Africa. The paper also evaluates the relevant policies from the following few aspects: policy coverage, beneficiaries, increasing jobs, reducing poverty, enhancing skills and so on. The result shows that either the South Africa's unemployment insurance or the project of public works cannot create sustainable jobs or solve its unemployment problems that mainly consist of structural unemployment.

Key words: South Africa, unemployment, unemployment insurance, public works programme, policy evaluation

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