北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 8-15.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0089

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

美国失业保障制度评述

杨伟国, 张袁新一, 尹梦芳   

  1. 中国人民大学 劳动人事学院, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2015-02-09 出版日期:2015-09-25 发布日期:2015-09-25
  • 作者简介:杨伟国(1969—),男,安徽青阳人,教授,博士,研究方向为劳动与雇佣法经济学、人力资源管理经济学、战略人力资本审计等.

Review of Unemployment Insurance System in the US

Yang Weiguo, Zhang Yuanxinyi, Yin Mengfang   

  1. School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2015-02-09 Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-09-25

摘要:

1935年颁布的《社会保障法》在以解决大萧条时期美国失业问题为最根本目的的同时推动了美国整个国家社会保障体系的建立。在随后的发展演变过程中,美国失业保障制度在整体理念和政策内容等方面都经历了巨大而又显著的变化。由此可见,失业保障制度对于缓解失业者痛苦、帮助失业者恢复就业、加快美国经济复苏起了关键性作用,值得其他国家结合自身情况有选择性地借鉴。

关键词: 美国, 《社会保障法》, 失业保障制度, 劳动力市场, 失业者

Abstract:

The US Federal Social Security Act implemented in 1935 not only dealt with the issue of unemployment during the Great Depression but also push ahead with the US social security system. The unemployment insurance system underwent a series of huge and significant changes in many aspects including the concept and the content of the policies in the subsequent evolution progress. Thus it can be seen that the system played a crucial role in relieving the pain of the unemployed, helping them get reemployed and accelerate the economic recovery in the US. The experience has certain reference significance for other countries.

Key words: America, Social Security Act, unemployment insurance system, labor market, unemployment

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