北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 16-23.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0090

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

德国失业保障制度评述

丁大建, 张瀚予, 廖雪骄   

  1. 中国人民大学 劳动人事学院, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2015-02-09 出版日期:2015-09-25 发布日期:2015-09-25
  • 作者简介:丁大建(1954—),男,江苏常州人,副教授,硕士,研究方向为劳动力市场、就业与失业.

Review of Unemployment Security Systems in Germany

Ding Dajian, Zhang Hanyu, Liao Xuejiao   

  1. School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2015-02-09 Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-09-25

摘要:

德国是最早建立失业保障体系的国家之一。自19世纪末期以来,随着经济形势和社会环境的变化,政府不断出台新的失业保障政策,20世纪90年代的两德统一进一步促进了失业保障制度的调整。在德国失业保障体系的发展过程中,1969年的《就业促进法》和2002—2005年间的哈茨改革发挥了重要的作用。对德国失业保障制度的发展历程进行了梳理,结果表明德国的失业率自2002年后逐步降低,但不能确定是由现行的失业保障政策的修订造成的,由于政策实施往往存在时滞,德国现行失业保障制度的效果还需时间来检验。

关键词: 失业保障, 政策变迁, 就业促进法, 哈茨改革, 效果评估

Abstract:

Germany is one of the earliest counties to establish unemployment security system. With changes in economic situation and social environment, especially the unification in 1990, Germany has continually adjusted unemployment insurance systems since the late 19th century. It's worth noting that the "Employment Promotion Law" in 1969 and the Harz Reform during 2002—2005 played important roles in these adjustments. The article reviews the development of the unemployment insurance system in Germany, and results show that the unemployment rate of Germany gradually decreased after 2002, but it is not clear whether this decrease was caused by the revision of the current unemployment insurance policy because of the time lag of the policy implementation. The effect of the German unemployment insurance system still needs time to test.

Key words: unemployment security, policy change, employment promotion act, Harz Reform, effect evaluation

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