北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 81-88.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0111

• 语言与文学 • 上一篇    下一篇

《论语》五译本译者风格研究——基于语料库的统计与分析

范敏   

  1. 上海外国语大学 博士后流动站, 上海 200083
  • 收稿日期:2015-03-03 出版日期:2016-11-25 发布日期:2016-08-24
  • 作者简介:范敏(1973-),女,山东禹城人,教授,博士,研究方向为文化与翻译、翻译教学与文体翻译等.
  • 基金资助:

    中国博士后科学基金面上资助项目(2014M551433);留学回国人员科研启动基金项目(教外司留2013(1792号));上海立信会计金融学院项目(2016—2018)

On Translators' Styles of Five Versions of The Analects: A Statistic Analysis Based on Corpus Studies

FAN Min   

  1. Postdoctoral Research Station, Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai 200083, China
  • Received:2015-03-03 Online:2016-11-25 Published:2016-08-24

摘要:

以《论语》汉英双语平行语料库为基础,将《论语》五个英译本在文化特色词与句子等层面的基本特征进行定量与定性分析,比较和探讨五译本在语言风格与翻译策略的异同。通过多层面考察,研究结果表明:五译本的显化策略运用非常普遍,影响策略的主要原因在于译者的翻译目的与社会语境;翻译风格各具特色,如森舸斓译文多使用各种长句与段落解释,辜鸿铭译文明显趋向英语地道的叙事与篇章手段,理雅各、刘殿爵、安乐哲的译文更强调原文形式传达,但阅读难度较大。

关键词: 《论语》文化理念, 语料库, 翻译目的, 译者风格, 翻译策略

Abstract:

This study compares the languages features and translation strategies in five versions of The Analects through the discussion of the characteristic words and sentence features based on the parallel corpus studies of The Analects. Both the quantitative and qualitative methods are used. Through multilevel analysis, the research results are as the following:the explicitation features are obvious in five versions, and the reasons mainly lie on the translation purpose and social context;the translation styles are diverse, for instance, Slingerland often uses various long sentences and paragraphs, Ku Hungming idiomatic narration techniques; Legge, Lau, and Ames and Rosemont cherishe more on original text which usually increases the reading difficulty of the target versions.

Key words: cultural concept in The Analects, corpus, translation purpose, translators' styles, translation strategy

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