北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (5): 37-44.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0123

• 法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

公司权力中心变迁与公司法的回应

王瀚培   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2015-03-05 出版日期:2016-09-25 发布日期:2016-08-23
  • 作者简介:王瀚培(1988-),男,广东深圳人,博士研究生,研究方向为公司法、物权法.

Changes of Company Power Centre and Responses from Company Law

WANG Hanpei   

  1. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2015-03-05 Online:2016-09-25 Published:2016-08-23

摘要:

公司权力中心,是指掌握公司核心决策与执行权力的部门。在中外公司的发展历史上,这一中心存在变迁现象,尽管各国的变迁轨迹不同,但公司法对这种变迁的应对逻辑却有着相似性:强化新权力中心的决策权与执行权,同时强化其他非权力中心部门的监督权。中国公司权力中心的变迁轨迹具有其特点,2005年《公司法》在应对公司权力中心变迁方面进行了一系列回应,促进了中国公司治理结构的发展,提升了经营效率,但仍存在不足。受政治因素影响,中国公众公司的股权结构在未来可能会出现二元结构现象,相应的公司治理结构可能会产生先发国家未曾经历的变化,《公司法》应当对这些变化作出符合逻辑的回应。

关键词: 公司治理, 股权结构, 政治性决定因素, 公司权力中心, 二元结构

Abstract:

Company power centre refers to the departments that have company's core decision-making and executive power. Changes of such a centre happened in the history of company development both at home and abroad. Though the changes are different in various countries, the responses from Company Law bear similarities: to strengthen the power of decision-making and execution for new power centre as well as the authority to supervise for other non-power-centre departments. The changes of company power centre in China exhibit its own features. In 2005, Company Law made responses to the change of company power centre, promoting both the development of corporate governance structure and business efficiency, yet it still has deficiencies. Influenced by political factors, "dual structure" may appear in the shareholding structure of Chinese public companies, which will lead to new changes in corporate governance structures. Company Law needs to make logical responses to these changes.

Key words: corporate governance, shareholding structure, political determinant, company power centre, dual structure

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