北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (3): 30-35.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0127

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国区域环境效率评价及影响因素研究

鲁炜, 赵云飞   

  1. 中国科学技术大学 管理学院, 安徽 合肥 230026
  • 收稿日期:2015-03-09 出版日期:2016-05-25 发布日期:2016-05-26
  • 作者简介:鲁炜(1957-),男,山东平原人,副教授,博士,研究方向为会计与金融.
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金委创新研究群体项目(71121061);安徽省优秀青年科技基金资助项目(1308085JGD07)

Chinese Regional Environmental Efficiency Rating and Its Influence Factors

LU Wei, ZHAO Yunfei   

  1. School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei Anhui 230026, China
  • Received:2015-03-09 Online:2016-05-25 Published:2016-05-26

摘要:

研究运用DEA比例模型测算了2005-2012年中国各省环境效率,结果显示:污染物显著降低了各地区平均效率,不考虑污染物的效率评价是不科学的;各地区环境效率西部最高、东部其次、中部最低。同时,利用多元回归模型分析了环境效率的影响因素,发现人均GDP、对外贸易和人口密度对环境效率呈现显著正向促进作用;第二产业比重、专利数对环境效率改善具有显著负面影响;工业污染治理投资对环境效率影响不显著。基于实证研究的结果,就减少地区污染排放、提高中国环境效率给出了相关政策建议。

关键词: 区域环境, 环境效率, DEA, 比例模型, 非期望产出

Abstract:

This paper applies the DEA ratio model to calculate the environmental efficiency of Chinese provinces from 2005 to 2012. The results show: the pollutants significantly reduce the average efficiency of each region, so the efficiency evaluation without considering pollutants is not scientific; the environmental efficiency of the western region is the highest, followed by the eastern region and the middle region is the lowest. At the same time, this paper uses the multiple regression model to analyze the factors which affect the environmental efficiency, and finds that the AGDP, external trade and population density have a significantly positive effect on environmental efficiency; In contrast, the proportion of the second industry and the number of patents have a significantly negative impact on the improvement of environment efficiency; Investments in industrial pollution control don't have an obvious influence on environmental efficiency. Finally, some advices have been given based on the empirical research.

Key words: regional environment, environmental efficiency, DEA, ratio model, undesirable outputs

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