北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 115-120.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0300

• 高教研究 • 上一篇    

德国项目制博士培养模式特点及启示

包艳华, 陈绍蒙   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 人文社会科学学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-25 出版日期:2017-01-25 发布日期:2017-01-16
  • 作者简介:包艳华(1980-),女,河北赤城人,讲师,博士,研究方向为高等教育.
  • 基金资助:

    教育部全国高校基本科研业务费课题(50100002013111009);北京航空航天大学研究生院教育与发展基金课题(430478)

Features and Inspirations of Project-based Doctoral Program in Germany

BAO Yanhua, CHEN Shaomeng   

  1. School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2015-05-25 Online:2017-01-25 Published:2017-01-16

摘要:

通过对德国亚琛工业大学博士研究生院AICES项目制博士培养模式的深入研究,总结了德国新兴发展的以项目为牵引的博士培养模式的特点,如其特色的“申请-审核”机制、注重培养学生的自主科研能力、重视团队合作与资源共享、高度国际化以及博士生参与其中的团队指导理念等。并在此基础上,从建立并完善“申请-审核”的招生机制、鼓励多元化课程建设、重视集体指导与合作交流、加强同企业的合作等方面提炼出对中国博士培养改革创新的启示。

关键词: 博士研究生院, 项目制博士培养模式, ", 申请-审核", 机制, 自主科研能力, 团队合作

Abstract:

By taking a case study of AICES doctoral program in the University of Aachen, this paper has summarized the characteristics of newly developed project-based doctoral training model in Germany, such as its distinctive selection process of PhD candidates, emphasis on cultivating students' ability of doing scientific research independently, great attention to team work and resource sharing, internationalization and the team guiding philosophy of involving doctoral students and etc. The inspirations of this model on the reform and innovation of doctoral training in our country can be concluded as the following four aspects:establishing and improving the "application-review" enrollment mechanism; encouraging diversified curriculum construction; building mentoring team and encouraging team work; enhancing cooperation with enterprises and etc.

Key words: doctoral graduate school, project-based doctoral training model, application and review mechanism, self-research ability, team work

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