北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 37-44.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0352

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

民航气象立法梳理、学理反思与制度优化

高志宏   

  1. 南京航空航天大学 人文与社会科学学院, 江苏 南京 211106
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-23 出版日期:2016-07-25 发布日期:2016-07-20
  • 作者简介:高志宏(1980-),男,河南商水人,副教授,博士,研究方向为航空航天法、经济法.
  • 基金资助:

    2015年中央高校基本科研业务费资助项目(NR2015007);中国法学会2015年度部级法学研究课题(CLS2015C63)

Reflection on Legislation, Academic Principles and System of Aviation Meteorology

GAO Zhihong   

  1. College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing Jiangsu 211106, China
  • Received:2015-06-23 Online:2016-07-25 Published:2016-07-20

摘要:

民航气象对飞行安全有着直接影响,对民航业的营运效益有着重要作用。在世界民航气象迅速发展、中国建设民航强国以及全面推进依法治国的时代背景下,中国民航气象面临着气象利益诉求日益多元化、气象服务性质日益商业化、气象服务产品日益多样化、气象服务方式更加主动化等挑战。民航气象事业的健康发展,离不开法律的规范、约束和保障。中国民航气象法律体系已初步形成,民航气象工作已进入法治化轨道。但作为一个新兴的交叉的法律部门,中国民航气象立法还存在立法层次过低、价值目标局限、调整范围狭窄、体系结构失衡等不足。应通过修改《气象法》和《民用航空法》,以及制定《民航气象法》或《民航气象服务管理条例》,健全民航气象准入机制,引入合理市场竞争机制,完善民航气象业务质量管理体系,改革民航气象管理体制和财政体制,建立民航气象产品和服务制度。

关键词: 民航气象法, 社会法, 公益气象, 商业气象, 气象服务产品化

Abstract:

Civil aviation meteorology has a direct impact on flight safety and operational efficiency of the civil aviation industry. With the rapid development of the civil aviation meteorology worldwide, the determination of building a civil aviation power, and the comprehensive promotion of law-based governance in China, China's civil aviation meteorology faces many challenges such as an increasingly multi-interest demand and commercialization and thus more active mode of the meteorological service. The healthy development of civil aviation meteorological services is closely related with the standard, constraint and guarantee of aviation law. The civil aviation meteorological legal system in China has taken shape, aviation meteorological work has entered the orbit of ruled by law. But as a new crossed legal department, the civil aviation meteorological legal system in China has such problems as low legislative level, limited value target, narrow scope of adjustment and imbalanced structure and system. The paper suggests that Meteorology Law and Civil Aviation Law be modified, and Aviation Meteorology Law or Aviation Meteorological Services Regulations be legislated to improve the access permission mechanism and the quality of service management system and to introduce a fair market competition mechanism. It is also suggested that the management and financial system of aviation meteorology be reformed and the system of aviation meteorology product and service be established.

Key words: Aviation Meteorology Law, social law, public weather services, commercial weather services, meteorological service products

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