北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (3): 1-14.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0379

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国生态环境治理与政策研究的特点及问题——一项基于文献计量的探讨

杨立华, 于春玲, 杨文君   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-23 出版日期:2016-05-25 发布日期:2016-05-26
  • 作者简介:杨立华(1975-),男,甘肃民勤人,教授,博士,研究方向为公共管理基础理论和研究方法、环境治理与政策等.
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(71373016);国家社会科学基金重大项目(14ZDB143);中央高校基本科研业务专项资金资助项目(YWF-14-RWXY-014)

On Characteristics and Problems of Ecologic Environment Management and Policy Research in China: A Study Based on Bibliometrics

YANG Lihua, YU Chunling, YANG Wenjun   

  1. School of Public Adiminstration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2015-07-23 Online:2016-05-25 Published:2016-05-26

摘要:

基于中国知网期刊数据库,利用文献计量方法,分析了677篇文献的来源期刊、研究者、研究机构、研究的区域、研究内容、研究方法、资助情况和国际化程度。研究发现,当前中国生态环境治理和政策研究主要有八大特点,即期刊涉及多个学科领域,主要期刊多由国家级的部门、研究院所和学会主办;研究者具有男性化、年轻化、高学历的特点;高等院校和科研院所是研究主力,两者间的合作、高等院校间的合作是主要的机构合作形式;研究内容的地域性较强,且西北地区最受关注;研究内容涉及多领域、多问题、多角度;研究方法以定性为主,定量研究多利用二手数据进行分析;研究的资助力度逐步增大,提供和接受资助的多为国家级部门;研究的国际化程度逐步提高。同时发现,研究存在如下问题:环境科学类的专门期刊较少,其总刊载量也较少;研究者学科背景专业化,但缺乏系统性和整合性;参与研究的主体单一,机构间的合作交流较少;早期环境问题频发地区仍为焦点,新型环境问题发生地受关注不够;对新型环境问题研究不够,研究略显宏观而不深入;忽视实证研究,且缺少一手数据;基金等资助力度仍然不足;国际化的整体程度仍然不高。为此提出,应采取多条途径加强中国生态环境治理与政策研究。

关键词: 环境管理, 生态治理, 环境保护, 多元协作, 实证分析

Abstract:

Ecological and environmental problems have become an issue of worldwide concern. Understanding the present environmental studies of China can deepen the research and promote the protection. Based on the data collected from CNKI, the article analyzed the publication sources, researchers, research institutions, site selections, content, methods, fund supports and internationalization degrees of the 677 literature with bibliometric method. The study finds that: publication sources involve multiple subjects, and the organizers of the main journals are national associations; most researchers are young and well-educated males; colleges, universities and scientific research institutes are the main participators and cooperation between them and between colleges are the main cooperation forms; some researches are based on specific regions and the northwest region receives most concerns; content of researches involves multiple subjects, multiple problems, and is from various angles; qualitative study is mostly used and most quantitative researches use second-hand data; funds are increasing gradually and the national associations are the main fund provider and receiver; internationalization is increasing gradually, but international cooperation is still insufficient. The study also finds that there are several problems in the eco-environmental research: lack of specialized journals on environmental science with insufficient total amount of publication; the researchers' academic backgrounds are professional, but are lack of systematization and integration; the researches lack multiple participators and the cooperations among institutions are insufficient; regions with frequent and earlier environmental problems are still the focal points while those with new problems received insufficient attention; new environmental problems are ignored and the researches are macroscopical without thorough and in-depth study; empirical analysis and original data are insufficient; fund supports are still not sufficient; international cooperation and internationalization degree is still not enough. At last, this study puts forward some suggestions for the problems.

Key words: environmental management, ecological management, environmental protection, multi-actor collaboration, empirical analysis

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