北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (6): 39-45.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0444

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

民用航空运输中机长权力再探讨——兼谈机长与机上安保员的关系

朱子勤, 毕凤敏   

  1. 中国政法大学 航空与空间法研究中心, 北京 100088
  • 收稿日期:2015-09-16 出版日期:2015-11-25 发布日期:2015-12-02
  • 作者简介:朱子勤(1963-),女,安徽萧县人,教授,博士,研究方向为国际私法、国际民事诉讼与仲裁、国际航空法.

Study on Power of Aircraft Commander in Civil Air Transportation: Simultaneously Discuss the Relationship of Aircraft Commander and In-flight Security Officer

Zhu Ziqin, Bi Fengmin   

  1. Institute of Air and Space Law, China University of Political Science and Law, Beijing 100088, China
  • Received:2015-09-16 Online:2015-11-25 Published:2015-12-02

摘要:

为应对日益严峻的民用航空运输安全形势,2014年,修订1963年《东京公约》的《蒙特利尔议定书》获得通过,其中,对民用航空器上的机长权力以及机上安保员的法律地位进行了重新界定.通过对公约和议定书进行分析,指出机长与机上安保员的职责各有侧重,二者的关系既相互合作又相对独立.目前,中国关于机长权力以及航空安全员与空警法律地位虽有法律规定,但其法律等级较低,存在权力冲突的情况,因此,亟待完善中国相关立法,保障民用航空运输安全.

关键词: 《东京公约》, 《蒙特利尔议定书》, 民航运输, 非法干扰, 机长权力, 机上安保员

Abstract:

To deal with the increasingly serious safety situation of civil air transportation, Montreal Protocol, 2014 amending Tokyo Convention, 1963 was passed in 2014, which redefined the power of aircraft commander and legal status of in-flight security officer. Through the analysis of Tokyo Convention, 1963 and Montreal Protocol, 2014, the paper holds that the responsibilities of aircraft commander and in-flight security officer are different, though their relationship involves both mutual cooperation and relative independence. Even though China has certain legal provisions on the power of aircraft commander, legal status of in-flight security officer and air marshal, their legal hierarchy is relatively low and there exists also an issue of power conflict. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the relevant legislations in China to better guarantee the safety of civil aviation transportation.

Key words: Tokyo Convention, Montreal Protocol, civil aviation transport, unlawful offences, powers of aircraft commander, in-flight security officer

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