北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 47-57.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0461

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

低空开放背景下的低空使用权

陈学军   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2015-09-23 出版日期:2016-01-25 发布日期:2016-01-21
  • 作者简介:陈学军(1972—),男,北京人,博士研究生,研究方向为民商法.

On Rights to Use Low Altitude Airspace in the Content of Low Altitude Open-up Policy

CHEN Xuejun   

  1. School of Law, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2015-09-23 Online:2016-01-25 Published:2016-01-21

摘要:

中国的低空空域改革已经进入到了攻坚阶段。在现阶段,必须转变低空开放的改革思路,从公权力管理模式向私主体权利模式大踏步迈进。因此,必须确立民众的低空使用权,这在一方面将有助于约束公权力的肆意干预,另一方面将为"军民共管"的空域改革提供理论支撑。中国现行法上的空域资源国家所有权仅仅是一种宣示性权利,其在私法意义上相当于罗马法上的公有物。因此,低空使用权并不与国家所有权相冲突。

关键词: 低空开放, 低空使用权, 空域资源, 国家所有权, 宣示性权利, 公有物

Abstract:

Low-altitude airspace reform in China has reached the most crucial stage. At this moment, the reform should change from public management mode to mode of private rights. Establishing people's rights to use low-altitude airspace will contribute to constraint power of intervention from the government on the one hand; on the other hand will provide a theoretical support to the current reform of "civil-military co-management". State ownership of airspace is merely a declaratory right in public law. In the sense of private law, it should be considered as equivalent to "public goods" in Roman law. Therefore, rights to use low-altitude airspace are not conflict with the state ownership of airspace.

Key words: low altitude open-up policy, right to use low altitude airspace, airspace resources, state ownership, declaratory right, public goods

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